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Table 6 Bivariate distribution of selected birth companionship variables by demographic and facility characteristics, PQCC Study 2016

From: Companionship during facility-based childbirth: results from a mixed-methods study with recently delivered women and providers in Kenya

  Accompanied by Partner Accompanied by mother-in-law
No. % p-value No. % p-value
Age
 15 to 19 years 26 16 *** 43 26.5  
 20 to 29 years 154 30.1   150 29.4  
 30 to 48 years 73 35.8   52 25.5  
Marital Status
 Not married 12 6.3 *** 21 11.1 ***
 Currently married 241 35.1   224 32.6  
Number of births
 1.0 57 19.7 *** 67 23.1 *
 2.0 70 37.8   62 33.5  
 3.0 50 30.7   53 32.5  
 4 or more 76 31.8   63 26.4  
Education
 No school/Primary 117 23.6 *** 150 30.3 *
 Post-primary/vocational/Secondary 86 31.7   76 28  
 College or above 50 45   19 17.1  
Literacy
 No, cannot write 11 35.5   11 35.5  
 Yes, but with some difficulty 39 27.7   40 28.4  
 Yes, Very well 203 28.8   194 27.5  
Household wealth
 Poorest/poorer 93 24.5 * 135 35.5 ***
 Middle 40 29.6   33 24.4  
 Richer/richest 120 33.1   77 21.3  
Employed
 No 176 26.7 * 177 26.9  
 Yes 77 35.2   68 31.1  
Has Health Insurance
 No 175 24.2 *** 207 28.7  
 Yes 78 50.3   38 24.5  
Pregnancy complication
 No 149 30.2   131 26.5  
 Yes 104 27.2   114 29.8  
Birth Complication
 No 204 28.3   202 28  
 Yes 49 31.4   43 27.6  
Past health facility delivery
 No 68 19.9 *** 83 24.3  
 Yes 185 34.6   162 30.3  
ANC visits
 Less than 4 58 20.2 *** 85 29.6  
 4 plus 192 32.8   158 27  
Tribe
 Luo 176 30.1   114 19.5 ***
 Kuria 53 25.5   114 54.8  
 Other 24 28.2   17 20  
Religion
 Catholic 72 29.8   68 28.1  
 Protestant/Pentecostal 46 24.1   59 30.9  
 Seventh Day Adventist 84 31.9   75 28.5  
 Other Christian 48 28.9   39 23.5  
 Muslim/other religion 3 20   4 26.7  
Delivery facility type
 Gov’t Hospital 120 29.7   122 30.2  
 Gov’t HC/Disp 94 26   96 26.5  
 Mission/Private facility 39 35.1   27 24.3  
Delivery provider
 Nurse/Midwife 190 29   188 28.7  
 Doctor/Clinical Officer 40 29.2   35 25.5  
 Non-skilled attendant 6 28.6   5 23.8  
 1plus skilled providers 17 27   17 27  
Delivery Provider sex
 Male 100 30.4   97 29.5  
 Female 142 27.6   138 26.8  
 Both 11 32.4   10 29.4  
Total 253 28.8   245 27.9  
  1. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001