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Table 7 Multivariate logistic regression of continuous support during labor and delivery on potential predictors, PQCC study 2016

From: Companionship during facility-based childbirth: results from a mixed-methods study with recently delivered women and providers in Kenya

  Allowed Continuous support during
Labor Delivery
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Age
 15 to 19 years 1 [1 1] 1 [1 1]
 20 to 29 years 0.79 [0.46 1.35] 0.86 [0.50 1.47]
 30 to 48 years 0.74 [0.36 1.54] 0.92 [0.43 1.95]
Currently married 1.35 [0.79 2.29] 0.98 [0.57 1.69]
Number of births
 1 1 [1 1] 1 [1 1]
 2 0.61 [0.26 1.43] 1.24 [0.51 3.04]
 3 0.37* [0.15 0.95] 2.06 [0.77 5.50]
 4 or more 0.39 [0.15 1.01] 1.45 [0.53 3.93]
Education
 No school/Primary 1 [1 1] 1 [1 1]
 Post-primary/vocational/Secondary 0.73 [0.47 1.14] 1.27 [0.83 1.96]
 College or above 0.75 [0.36 1.56] 1.21 [0.61 2.39]
Literacy
 No, cannot write 1 [1 1] 1 [1 1]
 Yes, but with some difficulty 1.9 [0.72 5.05] 0.73 [0.22 2.42]
 Yes, very well 2.89* [1.13 7.37] 1.92 [0.63 5.90]
Household wealth
 Poorest/poorer 1 [1 1] 1 [1 1]
 Middle 1.73* [1.04 2.90] 0.81 [0.47 1.40]
 Richer/richest 1.91** [1.20 3.03] 1.16 [0.74 1.84]
Employed 1.97** [1.24 3.12] 0.91 [0.58 1.42]
Past health facility delivery 2.19* [1.05 4.57] 0.71 [0.32 1.58]
4plus ANC visits 0.68 [0.46 1.01] 0.82 [0.56 1.20]
Birth Complication 0.67 [0.43 1.04] 0.34*** [0.19 0.60]
Tribe
 Luo 1 [1 1] 1 [1 1]
 Kuria 0.57* [0.37 0.90] 0.79 [0.48 1.29]
 Other 0.79 [0.44 1.43] 0.79 [0.43 1.45]
Religion
 Catholic 1 [1 1] 1 [1 1]
 Protestant/Pentecostal 0.68 [0.41 1.12] 1.06 [0.62 1.79]
 Seventh Day Adventist 0.7 [0.44 1.12] 1.55 [0.99 2.44]
 Other Christian 0.79 [0.46 1.35] 0.93 [0.54 1.59]
 Muslim/other religion 0.86 [0.21 3.44] 1.8 [0.43 7.52]
Delivery facility type
 Gov’t Hospital 1 [1 1] 1 [1 1]
 Gov’t Health Center 1.98*** [1.32 2.97] 1.46 [0.98 2.17]
 Mission/Private facility 0.86 [0.49 1.51] 1.67 [0.95 2.95]
Delivery provider
 Nurse/Midwife 1 [1 1] 1 [1 1]
 Doctor/Clinical Officer 0.8 [0.46 1.39] 1.13 [0.63 2.00]
 Non-skilled attendant 1 [0.28 3.60] 0.88 [0.28 2.79]
 1plus skilled providers 0.27** [0.12 0.63] 0.19** [0.060 0.59]
Delivery Provider sex
 Male 1 [1 1] 1 [1 1]
 Female 1.24 [0.82 1.89] 1.42 [0.92 2.19]
 Both 4.68** [1.54 14.2] 5.40** [1.67 17.5]
Accompanied by
 Partner 0.81 [0.53 1.24] 0.61* [0.39 0.97]
 Mother-in-law 0.92 [0.59 1.44] 1.19 [0.74 1.91]
 Mother 1.3 [0.70 2.42] 1.01 [0.54 1.90]
 Sister/Sister in law 1.85* [1.13 3.01] 0.73 [0.45 1.18]
 Friend- Neighbor 0.87 [0.51 1.46] 0.61 [0.35 1.06]
Facility crowded 0.65* [0.45 0.93] 1.69** [1.15 2.50]
Desired labor companion 1.42* [1.01 2.00]    
Desired delivery companion    1.97*** [1.48 2.62]
Interviews in community (ref = HF) 1.02 [0.70 1.49] 0.79 [0.54 1.14]
Postpartum length= > 1 week (ref < 1 0.99 [0.53 1.83] 1.24 [0.64 2.38]
Constant 0.87 [0.22 3.42] 0.15* [0.033 0.64]
N 763    764   
  1. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001