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Table 1 Respondents’ characteristics

From: Trends and factors associated with early initiation of breastfeeding in Namibia: analysis of the Demographic and Health Surveys 2000–2013

  2000 2006–2007 2013
Characteristics n % n % n %
Age, years
 15–19 189 11.4 252 11.5 222 10.8
 20–34 1124 69.0 1508 71.6 1436 71.0
 35–49 297 19.6 355 16.9 381 18.2
Residence
 Urban 604 33.2 783 40.3 910 47.6
 Rural 1006 66.8 1332 59.7 1129 52.4
Marital status
 Never married 664 44.4 944 44.9 1021 51.3
 Married/cohabiting 841 49.9 1080 50.6 931 44.8
 Divorced/separated/widow 105 5.7 90 4.6 87 3.9
Education
 No education 268 13.3 250 10.7 155 5.5
 Primary 555 35.2 626 27.9 470 22.0
 Secondary 751 49.1 1164 57.1 1327 66.7
 Higher education 36 2.4 75 4.3 87 5.7
Occupation
 Not working 1034 66.2 1052 49.2 1203 57.1
 Agriculture 66 5.8 269 12.6 36 1.4
 Paid work 503 28.1 778 38.2 798 41.4
Wealth, quintiles
 Poorest 340 23.8 422 19.8 410 21.3
 Poorer 298 21.9 451 20.8 410 20.3
 Average 317 19.5 392 19.1 397 19.1
 Richer 318 17.3 417 21.1 408 18.7
 Richest 316 17.5 418 19.3 403 20.6
ANC attendance, visits
 0 113 6.1 86 3.9 82 3.2
 1–3 285 18.3 378 17.7 279 13.1
  ≥ 4 1031 68.2 1451 71.3 1237 62.5
 Do not remember 138 7.3 140 7.1 390 21.3
Place of delivery
 Health facility 1211 76.9 1704 81.9 1761 88.5
 Home/others 393 23.1 410 18.1 277 11.5
Delivery mode
 Vaginal 1891 87.8 1741 84.4
 Caesarean 220 12.2 295 15.6
Parity
 1 470 29.9 666 32.0 625 31.7
 2–3 630 38.3 904 43.0 860 42.7
 4+ 510 31.9 545 25.0 554 25.6
Assistance during labour
 Health professional 1396 90.0 1944 94.5 1896 96.2
 TBAs 32 2.2 28 1.3 15 0.5
 Relatives/self 136 7.8 94 4.2 84 3.3
Birth order
 1 482 30.4 683 32.6 643 32.5
 2–3 622 38.0 890 42.5 845 42.1
 4+ 506 31.6 542 24.9 551 25.5
Baby’s sex
 Male 807 50.7 1104 52.1 990 48.3
 Female 803 49.3 1011 47.9 1049 51.7
Baby’s birth size
 Large 464 30.4 739 35.7 779 38.6
 Average 844 53.1 1033 48.5 886 43.3
 Small 291 16.5 337 15.7 392 18.1
  1. ANC antenatal care, TBAs traditional birth attendants