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Table 2 Characteristics of respondents; comparison of migrant mobility patterns during pregnancy and delivery locations (n (%), m ± SD)

From: Mobility patterns and associated factors among pregnant internal migrant women in China: a cross-sectional study from a National Monitoring Survey

   Mobility patterns   Delivery locations   Total
AS MS MR AR p RA SA p N = 4176
N = 305 N = 80 N = 1329 N = 2461   N = 2585 N = 1591   
Age (years)   25.90 ± 4.10 26.82 ± 4.23 27.16 ± 4.39 27.90 ± 4.88 < 0.001 27.89 ± 4.82 26.87 ± 4.43 < 0.001 27.50 ± 4.70
Education Level Junior high school and below 214(7.7) 59(2.1) 878(31.4) 1641(58.8) 0.22 1719(61.6) 1073(38.4) 0.45 2793(67.0)
Senior high school and above 87(6.3) 21(1.5) 447(32.6) 817(59.5)   862(62.8) 511(37.2)   
Engel Coefficient   0.54 ± 0.19 0.60 ± 0.21 0.54 ± 0.19 0.55 ± 0.19 0.03 0.55 ± 0.19 0.54 ± 0.19 0.24 0.55 ± 0.19
Own housing in RA Yes 7(1.5) 7(1.5) 70 (14.8) 388(82.2) < 0.001 403(85.0) 71(15.0) < 0.001 473(11.3)
No 297(8.0) 73(2.0) 1258(34.0) 2073(56.0)   2182(58.9) 1521(41.1)   
Urban employee Insurance Yes 66(6.9) 22(2.3) 296(31.1) 569(59.7) 0.66 597(62.6) 357(37.4) 0.62 954(22.8)
No 239(7.4) 52(1.8) 1032(32.0) 1892(58.7)   1988(61.7) 1234(38.3)   
Rural household registration Yes 251(7.5) 64(1.9) 1099(33.0) 1916(57.5) 0.002 2006(60.2) 1325(39.8) < 0.001 3331(80.1)
No 50(6.1) 16(1.9) 225(27.2) 535(64.8)   569(68.9) 257(31.1)   
First parity Yes 202(8.1) 52(2.1) 815(32.7) 1424(57.1) 0.017 1500(60.2) 992(39.8) 0.012 2493(59.7)
No 103(6.1) 28(1.7) 513(30.5) 1037(61.7)   1084(64.4) 599(35.6)   
Range of migration Cross-province 214(7.4) 54(1.9) 890(30.9) 1720(59.8) < 0.001 1819(63.2) 1059(36.8) < 0.001 2878(70.4)
Within province cross-city 60(6.6) 13(1.4) 343(37.8) 491(54.1)   508(56.0) 399(44.0)   907(22.2)
Within city cross-district 16(5.2) 7(2.3) 67(21.9) 216(70.6)   227(74.4) 78(25.6)   
Migration time (years) 2.33 ± 3.00 2.94 ± 3.40 3.39 ± 3.54 4.17 ± 3.94 < 0.001 0.08 ± 1.02 −0.12 ± 0.96 < 0.001 3.77 ± 3.79
Level of participation   −0.09 ± 0.91 −0.06 ± 0.94 −0.05 ± 0.97 0.04 ± 1.03 0.03 4.14 ± 3.91 3.16 ± 3.50 < 0.001 0.00 ± 1.00
Will to integrate   − 0.31 ± 0.96 0.23 ± 1.03 − 0.05 ± 0.97 0.06 ± 1.01 < 0.001 0.03 ± 1.02 −0.05 ± 0.96 0.02 0.00 ± 1.00
  1. AS always staying in the sending area, MS mainly staying in the sending area, MR mainly staying in the receiving area, AR always staying in the receiving area, RA receiving area, SA sending area