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Table 2 Risk of depression, anxiety symptoms, dieting behaviour and weight and shape satisfaction according to energy reporting status

From: The characterisation of overweight and obese women who are under reporting energy intake during pregnancy

Outcomes   10–20 weeks (completers, n = 497) 36 weeks (n = 504)
UR AR P UR AR P
Risk of depression mean ± SD 5.4 ± 4.5 5.6 ± 4.2 0.554 5.2 ± 4.6 5.8 ± 4.7 0.175
Yes 15 (8.6%) 21 (7.3%) 0.613 16 (6.4%) 28 (11.1%) 0.064
No 159 (91.4%) 266 (92.7%) 234 (93.6%) 225 (88.9%)
Anxiety symptoms mean ± SD 10.2 ± 3.4 10.4 ± 3.8 0.530 10.0 ± 3.4 10.5 ± 3.6 0.164
Yes 24 (12..8%) 40 (13.0%) 0.856 28 (11.2%) 32 (12.7%) 0.593
No 163 (87.2%) 268 (87.0%) 223 (88.8%) 220 (87.3%)
Dieting behaviour (times in previous year) Never 10 (17.9%) 32 (31.7%) 0.164 13 (16.5%) 30 (36.1%) 0.013
1–10 times 40 (71.4%) 61 (59.8%) 56 (70.9%) 47 (56.6%)
>  10 times 6 (10.7%) 9 (8.8%) 10 (12.7%) 6 (7.2%)
BMI estimate Underestimate 24 (42.9%) 47 (45.6%) 0.931 38 (48.1%) 40 (47.6%) 0.579
Correctly estimate 27 (48.2%) 48 (46.6%) 33 (41.8%) 39 (46.4%)
Overestimate 5 (8.9%) 8 (7.8%) 8 (10.1%) 5 (6.0%)
Discrepancy score mean ± SD 4.1 ± 0.7 3.9 ± 0.6 0. 115 4.1 ± 0.7 3.8 ± 0.6 0.034
Weight satisfaction Not satisfied 25 (44.6%) 69 (67.0%) 0.006 39 (49.4%) 57 (67.9%) 0.016
Satisfied 31 (55.4%) 34 (33.0%) 40 (50.6%) 27 (32.1%)
Shape satisfaction Not satisfied 25 (44.6%) 71 (68.9%) 0.003 41 (51.9%) 58 (69.0%) 0.025
Satisfied 31 (55.4%) 32 (31.1%) 38 (48.1%) 26 (31.0%)
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD or proportions and were analysed by independent t test or chi squared tests
  2. Over reporters were excluded from analysis
  3. AR Adequate reporter, BMI Body mass index, SD Standard deviation, UR Under reporter