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Table 2 Maternal and infants baseline characteristics

From: Effect of maternal supplement beverage with and without probiotics during pregnancy and lactation on maternal and infant health: a randomized controlled trial in the Philippines

Characteristics Supplement Supplement + probiotics No supplement
Mothers, n 70 70 68
Age at randomization in years, mean (SD) 26.3 (5.5) 24.8 (5.3) 24.9 (5.4)
Ethnic origin, % of Asian 100 100 100
First-time mothers, % 45.7 40.0 52.9
Type of delivery, % C-section 21.7 15.7 13.2
Education, % of secondary education 73.9 55.7 73.5
Infants at birth, n 62 60 61
Gestation age at birth in weeks, mean (SD) 38.8 (1.5) 38.8 (2.0) 38.8 (1.2)
Sex, % of males 50 62.9 44.1
APGAR score at 1 min, median (min-max) 9.0 (4.0–9.0) 9.0 (6.0–9.0) 9.0 (6.0–9.0)
APGAR score at 5 min, median (min-max) 9.0 (8.0–9.0) 9.0 (5.0–10.0) 9.0 (9.0–9.0)
Length in cm, mean (SD) 50.1 (2.7) 49.9 (2.8) 49.7 (2.4)
Weight in kg, mean (SD) 2.93 (0.47) 2.90 (0.39) 2.88 (0.44)
Body mass index in kg/m2, mean (SD) 11.6 (1.3) 11.6 (1.3) 11.6 (1.2)
Head circumference in cm, mean (SD) 32.7 (1.3) 32.8 (1.7) 32.5 (1.6)
  1. SD Standard deviation