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Table 5 Adverse events in infants (combined supplemented groups versus non-supplemented group)

From: Effect of maternal supplement beverage with and without probiotics during pregnancy and lactation on maternal and infant health: a randomized controlled trial in the Philippines

  Combined§ (n = 140) No Supplement (n = 68) p- value* Combined vs. No supplement
# Events # Infants (%) # Events # Infants (%)
Adverse events of diarrhea      
Serious diarrhea 1** 1 (0.7%) 0 0 (0.0%) 1.000
Diarrhea 21 19 (13.6%) 12 11 (16.2%) 0.675
Total 22 20 12 11
Other serious adverse events of interest
All respiratory infections/symptoms 309 119 (85.0%) 177 63 (92.6%) 0.179
Gastrointestinal infections 7 6 (4.3%) 7 7 (10.3%) 0.126
Allergies 11 7 (5.0%) 4 3 (4.4%) 1.000
Deatha 3 3 (2.4%) 1 1 (1,5%)  
Other adverse events of interest
Vomiting 0 0 (0.0%) 5 4 (5.9%) 0.011
  1. Data are number of infants with at least one event (%).§Combined: supplement and supplement + probiotics groups.*Exact Fisher test p-value.**Event reported in the supplement group. aAs confirmed by clinicians, not related to product consumption