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Table 2 Distribution of birthweight, maternal and sociodemographic characteristics by neonatal survival status in Uganda, 1995–2011

From: Survival of low birthweight neonates in Uganda: analysis of progress between 1995 and 2011

Variables 1995 2000–2001 2006 2011
Survival, N = 1160 Survival, N = 1100 Survival, N = 1514 Survival, N = (2199)
  Died n (%) Lived n (%) P value Died n (%) Lived n (%) P value Died n (%) Lived n (%) P value Died n (%) Lived n (%) P value
Birthweight
 <  2500 g 4 (3.3) 118 (96.7) < 0.01 5 (4.6) 104 (95.4) < 0.01 5 (2.8) 175 (97.2) < 0.05 7 (2.9) 234 (97.1) < 0.05
 ≥ 2500 g 6 (0.6) 1032 (99.4) 10 (1.0) 981 (99.0) 11 (0.8) 1323 (99.2) 22 (1.1) 1936 (98.9)
Maternal age
 < 20 1 (0.6) 155 (99.4) > 0.05 1 (0.9) 111 (99.1) > 0.05 2 (1.4) 138 (98.6) > 0.05 2 (1.3) 154 (98.7) > 0.05
 20–34 6 (0.7) 855 (99.3) 12 (1.4) 825 (98.6) 11 (1.0) 1105 (99.0) 15 (1.0) 1496 (99.0)
 35–49 3 (2.1) 140 (97.9) 3 (2.0) 148 (98.0) 2 (0.8) 254 (99.2) 7 (1.6) 427 (98.4)
Wealth index n = 392b n = 424b   
 Poor 1 (0.7) 137 (99.3) > 0.05 1 (0.5) 187 (99.5) > 0.05 4 (0.9) 442 (99.1) > 0.05 7 (1.1) 652 (98.9) > 0.05
 Middle / Rich 4 (1.6) 250 (98.4) 3 (1.3) 233 (98.7) 11 (1.0) 1056 (99.0) 17 (1.1) 1426 (98.9)
Maternal education
 No education 2 (1.5) 132 (98.5) > 0.05 2 (1.6) 124 (98.4) > 0.05 3 (1.6) 179 (98.4) > 0.05 2 (1.2) 171 (98.8) > 0.05
 Primary 6 (0.9) 653 (99.1) 8 (1.6) 605 (98.4) 7 (0.8) 857 (99.2) 12 (1.0) 1149 (99.0)
 Secondary higher 2 (0.5) 365 (99.5) 5 (1.4) 356 (98.6) 5 (1.1) 462 (98.9) 11 (1.4) 757 (98.6)
Parity
 Primiparous 3 (1.0) 296 (99.0) > 0.05 4 (1.4) 278 (98.6) > 0.05 6 (1.7) 356 (98.3) < 0.05 3 (0.7) 424 (99.3) > 0.05
 Para 2–3 3 (0.6) 532 (99.4) 5 (1.0) 483 (99.0) 7 (1.1) 622 (98.9) 11 (1.2) 945 (98.8)
 Para 4+ 4 (1.2) 322 (98.8) 6 (1.8) 323 (98.2) 2 (0.4) 520 (99.6) 10 (1.4) 709 (98.6)
Marital status
 Single 1 (0.5) 199 (99.5) > 0.05 2 (1.0) 198 (99.0) > 0.05 2 (0.7) 277 (99.3) > 0.05 3 (0.8) 354 (99.2) > 0.05
 Married 9 (0.9) 951 (99.1) 14 (1.6) 887 (98.4) 13 (1.1) 1221 (98.9) 22 (1.3) 1722 (98.7)
Residence
 Rural 5 (1.0) 517 (99.0) > 0.05 11 (1.5) 737 (98.5) > 0.05 10 (0.9) 1051 (99.1) > 0.05 17 (1.1) 1493 (98.9) > 0.05
 Urban 5 (0.8) 633 (99.2) 4 (1.1) 348 (98.9) 5 (1.1) 447 (98.9) 7 (1.2) 584 (98.8)
Delivery mode
 Cesarean 1 (1.4) 71 (98.6) > 0.05 4 (4.4) 87 (95.6) < 0.05 1(0.8) 122 (98.2) > 0.05 5(2.1) 230 (97.9) > 0.05
 Normal 9 (0.8) 1079 (99.2)   12 (1.2) 995 (98.8)   14 (1.0) 1372 (99.0)   24 (1.2) 1940 (98.8)  
Check-upa
 No No data    11 (1.5) 742 (98.5) > 0.05 6 (0.7) 866 (99.3) > 0.05 13 (1.5) 843 (98.5) > 0.05
 Yes     4(1.2) 332 (98.2)   9 (1.4) 613 (98.6)   14 (1.1) 1261 (98.9)  
  1. P values were generated from Chi square analysis. Statistical significance (p < 0.05, two-sided)
  2. acomplications
  3. bThe separate totals(n) for wealth index in 1995 and 2000 shows a deviation from the total (N) due to missing data