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Table 1 Characteristics of 1455 women with vaginal deliveries in the last three years

From: Associations with perineal trauma during childbirth at home and in health facilities in indigenous municipalities in southern Mexico: a cross-sectional cluster survey

Characteristics Delivered in health facility (532) Delivered at home (923) All deliveries (1455)
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Ethnic group Aboriginal 362 (69) 876 (96) 1238 (86)
Mestizo 161 (31) 36 (4) 197 (14)
Age at delivery 14 to 19 years old 66 (12) 111 (12) 177 (12)
20 to 49 years old 466 (88) 811 (88) 1277 (88)
Able to read Spanish Yes 365 (69) 330 (36) 695 (48)
No 166 (31) 588 (64) 754 (52)
Civil status Married/co-habiting 502 (95) 888 (97) 1390 (97)
Single 26 (5) 24 (3) 50 (3)
Parity Primipara 172 (32) 138 (15) 310 (21)
Multipara 358 (68) 782 (85) 1140 (79)
Who attended delivery Physician 460 (86) 20 (2) 480 (33)
Nurse 59 (11) 17 (2) 76 (5)
Health promotor 8 (2) 8 (0.5)
Traditional midwife 643 (70) 643 (44)
Relative 151 (16) 151 (10)
Nobody 86 (10) 86 (6)
Position during labour and delivery Upright/semi-upright 40 (8) 760 (83) 800 (56)
Horizontal 482 (92) 152 (17) 634 (44)
Reported perineal tear Yes 86 (17) 104 (12) 190 (14)
No 429 (83) 793 (88) 1222 (86)
Reported episiotomy Yes 171 (33) 76a (9) 247 (17)
No 354 (67) 815 (91) 1169 (83)
Reported perineal trauma (tear and/or episiotomy) Yes 196 (38) 160 (18) 356 (25)
No 315 (62) 733 (82) 1048 (75)
Reported infection of perineal wound Yes 28 (15) 39 (24) 67 (19)
No 165 (85) 121 (76) 286 (81)
  1. a76 women who delivered at home reported having an episiotomy, although 59 of them were assisted in their delivery by a traditional midwife and only 7 by a doctor or nurse. It is extremely unlikely that the traditional midwife performed an episiotomy, so probably these women in fact had a perineal tear which they reported as an episiotomy (18 of them also reported a perineal tear)