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Table 2 Bivariate associations with self-reported perineal trauma

From: Associations with perineal trauma during childbirth at home and in health facilities in indigenous municipalities in southern Mexico: a cross-sectional cluster survey

Factor With trauma Without trauma OR 95% CIca
n (%) n (%)
Ethnicity Aboriginal 255 (21) 942 (79) 0.28 0.18–0.43
Mestizo 94 (49) 97 (51)
Age at delivery 14–19 years old 57 (32) 120 (68) 1.48 0.96–2.3
20–49 years old 310 (24) 967 (76)
Place of delivery Home 162 (18) 761 (82) 0.34 0.21–0.56
Health facility 205 (39) 327 (61)
Parity Primiparae 120 (39) 190 (61) 2.31 1.76–3.03
Multipara 245 (21) 895 (79)
Position in labour Upright 138 (17) 662 (83) 0.38 0.24–0.61
Horizontal 224 (35) 410 (65)
Size of baby Bigger than average 96 (24) 302 (76) 0.92 0.70–1.19
Average or smaller 251 (26) 723 (74)
Birth attendanta Traditional midwife 126 (19) 530 (81) 0.38 0.22–0.65
Doctor/nurse 210 (39) 333 (61)
  1. Bold font indicates associations significant at the 5% level
  2. OR Odds ratio, 95% CIca Cluster adjusted 95% confidence intervals
  3. aThis excludes the few women who were assisted at delivery by a relative or by nobody