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Table 9 Multivariable logistic regression of loss of interest in sexual activity at 6 and 12 months postpartum

From: Prevalence of and risk factors associated with sexual health issues in primiparous women at 6 and 12 months postpartum; a longitudinal prospective cohort study (the MAMMI study)

Associated factors   6/12 postpartum    12/12 postpartum   
  Total n = 762 Total n = 588
  OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value
Age Groups 18–29 years 1.0(ref.)    1.0(ref.)   
30–34 years 0.8 0.6–1.2 0.396 1.0 0.7–1.6 0.836
35+ years 0.8 0.5–1.3 0.436 1.2 0.7–2.0 0.441
BMI Groups Ideal 1.0(ref.)    1.0(ref.)   
Overweight 0.9 0.6–1.4 0.562 0.7 0.4–1.3 0.276
Obese 1.6 1.0–2.8 0.07 0.8 0.4–1.5 0.42
Underweight 0.9 0.5–1.9 0.982 0.9 0.4–2.0 0.882
Unknown BMI 0.7 0.4–1.4 0.337 0.9 0.4–2.1 0.931
Highest level of education No degree 1.0(ref.)    1.0(ref.)   
Primary degree 1.0 0.7–1.5 0.916 1.3 0.8–2.0 0.326
Postgrad qualification 1.5 1.0–2.3 0.021* 1.3 0.8–2.0 0.249
Pre-existing dyspareunia Yes 1.4 1.0–1.9 0.05* 1.3 0.9–1.9 0.127
Mode of birth SVB 1.0(ref.)    1.0(ref.)   
Vacuum birth 1.1 0.7–1.8 0.686 1.4 0.8–2.4 0.235
Forceps birth 0.7 0.4–1.3 0.244 1.3 0.6–2.5 0.489
Elective CS 0.7 0.4–1.6 0.446 1.0 0.4–2.2 0.933
Emergency CS 0.8 0.4–1.5 0.464 0.7 0.3–1.3 0.266
Perineal trauma Intacta 1.0(ref.)    1.0(ref.)   
2nd degree 1.6 0.9–2.9 0.125 1.0 0.5–2.0 0.941
3rd degree 2.6 0.9–7.2 0.065 0.9 0.3–2.8 0.853
Episiotomy 1.2 0.6–2.3 0.595 0.7 0.3–1.4 0.272
Still breastfeeding Yes 2.2 1.6–3.0 < 0.001* 1.6 1.0–2.4 0.029*
Perception of body image Always satisfied 1.0(ref.)    1.0(ref.)   
Sometimes satisfied 1.6 1.0–2.4 0.035* 1.5 0.9–2.3 0.082
Never satisfied 2.8 1.6–4.6 < 0.001* 3.6 1.9–6.7 < 0.001*
  1. aincludes 1st degree tears and vaginal wall and labial tears
  2. *indicates statistical signficance at p < 0.05