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Table 1 Characteristics of respondents. Benin DHS 2006–12

From: Inequalities in maternal health care utilization in Benin: a population based cross-sectional study

Variable 2006 2012
n (17,794) % n (16,599) %
Age (Mean ± SD) 29.0 ± 9.1   29.0 ± 9.0  
 15–19 3036 17.1 2922 17.6
 20–24 3117 17.5 2820 17.0
 25–29 3640 20.5 3147 19.0
 30–34 2801 15.7 2720 16.4
 35–39 2151 12.1 2185 13.2
 40–44 1626 9.1 1667 10.0
 45–49 1423 8.0 1138 6.9
Region
 Alibori 1197 6.7 1000 6.0
 Atacora 1506 8.5 1476 8.9
 Atlantique 1988 11.2 1866 11.2
 Borgou 1535 8.6 1323 8.0
 Collines 1234 6.9 1256 7.6
 Couffo 1530 8.6 1225 7.4
 Donga 893 5.0 950 5.7
 Littoral 1831 10.3 1949 11.7
 Mono 1196 6.7 1043 6.3
 Quémé 2142 12.0 1811 10.9
 Plateau 862 4.8 1046 6.3
 Zou 1880 10.6 1654 10.0
Type of place of residence
 Urban 7471 42.0 7070 42.6
 Rural 10,323 58.0 9529 57.4
Educational attainment
 No formal education 11,577 65.1 10,383 62.6
 Primary 3460 19.4 2766 16.7
 Secondary 2595 14.6 3219 19.4
 Higher 162 0.9 231 1.4
Religion
 Christianity 9484 53.4 9226 55.6
 Islam 3878 21.8 3919 23.6
 Traditional 3178 17.9 2284 13.8
 Others 1210 6.8 1170 7.0
Read newspaper/magazine
 Yes 1701 9.6 2140 12.9
 No 15,957 90.4 14,459 87.1
Listen to radio
 Yes 14,499 81.7 10,525 63.4
 No 3257 18.3 6074 36.6
Watch TV
 Yes 6398 36.1 7556 45.5
 No 11,320 63.9 9043 54.5
Wealth index
 Poorest 3357 18.9 3139 18.9
 Poorer 3347 18.8 3274 19.7
 Middle 3448 19.4 3433 20.7
 Richer 3753 21.1 3511 21.2
 Richest 3889 21.9 3242 19.5
Parity
 1–4 8379 60.7 8377 66.9
  > 4 5435 39.3 4145 33.1
Women decision making power
 Low 4140 35.1 2534 35.4
 Moderate 7664 64.9 2741 38.2
 High    1892 26.4
Currently working
 Yes 14,114 79.6 10,643 64.1
 No 3628 20.4 5956 35.9
Sex of household head
 Male 14,353 80.7 13,326 80.1
 Female 3441 19.3 3273 19.7