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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of women in the two groups, in Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia, 2015

From: Husbands’ involvement in antenatal care and its association with women’s utilization of skilled birth attendants in Sidama zone, Ethiopia: a prospective cohort study

  Was your husband involved at least in one ANC visit?  
Characteristics Yes, (%) (n = 385) No, (%) (n = 279) Total (N = 664) Χ2, (p-value)
Residence
 Urban 194 (60.1) 129 (39.9) 323 1.117 (=0.291)
 Rural 191 (56.0) 150 (44.0) 341  
Age in year
 15–24 103 (58.9) 72 (41.1) 175 0.090 (=0.956)
 25–34 218 (57.5) 161 (42.5) 379  
 35–49 64 (58.2) 46 (41.8) 110  
Education level
 Tertiary 62 (62.6) 37 (37.4) 99 3.010 (=0.390)
 Secondary 103 (58.5) 73 (41.5) 176  
 Primary 134 (54.0) 114 (46.0) 248  
 None 86 (61.0) 55 (39.0) 141  
Occupation type
 Government employee 64 (69.6) 28 (30.4) 92 6.159 (=0.046)*
 Businesswomen 35 (59.3) 24 (40.7) 59  
 Housewife 286 (55.8) 227 (44.2) 513  
Religion
 Protestant 251 (55.9) 198 (44.1) 449 8.908 (=0.031)*
 Orthodox 45 (63.4) 26 (36.6) 71  
 Catholic 47 (73.4) 17 (26.6) 64  
 Muslim 42 (52.5) 38 (47.5) 80  
Initiation of ANC visit
 1st trimester 41 (71.9) 16 (28.1) 57 9.764 (=0.008)**
 2nd trimester 231 (60.0) 154 (40.0) 385  
 3rd trimester 113 (50.9) 109 (49.1) 222  
Number of ANC visits
 4+ 64 (76.2) 20 (23.8) 84 13.087 (< 0.001)***
 1 to 3 321 (55.3) 259 (44.7) 580  
Number of under 5 children
  <  1 127 (62.0) 78 (38.0) 205 1.918 (=0.166)
  > 1 258 (56.2) 201 (43.8) 459  
Is the pregnancy planned?
 Yes 280 (64.2) 156 (35.8) 436 20.282 (< 0.001)***
 No 105 (46.1) 123 (53.9) 228  
  1. ***P-value < 0.001, **p-value < 0.01, and *P-value < 0.05, indicate the significance differences of the two groups (women with husbands’ involvement and without involvement by indicated variables)