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Table 2 Comparisons between MWH users and non-MWH users at baseline and endline and comparisons of changes over time at Area 25

From: Evaluation of a maternity waiting home and community education program in two districts of Malawi

  Baseline Endline  
MWH (%) Non-MWH (%) Total (%) Difference between MWH users and non-users (p value) MWH (%) Non-MWH (%) Total (%) Difference between MWH users and non-users (p value) Change in MWH users over time (p value) Change in non-MWH users over time (p value)
Sociodemographic Factors
Age group     0.751     0.847 0.634 0.524
 15–19 18.6 15.4 16.6   17.9 20.0 19.1    
 20–24 44.2 40.3 41.7   37.4 37.7 37.5    
 25–29 20.9 22.2 21.7   26.8 22.4 24.2    
 30–34 8.1 13.4 11.5   12.2 15.3 14.0    
 35+ 8.1 8.7 8.5   5.7 4.7 5.1    
Education level     0.578     0.352 0.23 0.244
 None 1.2 2.0 1.7   3.0 5.5 4.5    
 Primary 58.6 52.0 54.4   47.7 51.9 50.2    
 Secondary or higher 40.2 46.0 43.9   49.2 42.5 45.4    
Marital Status     0.428     < 0.001* 0.001* 0.788
 Currently not married 4.6 2.7 3.4   20.6 2.2 10.1    
 Currently married 95.4 97.3 96.6   79.4 97.8 89.9    
Husband’s Education     0.478     0.397 0.100 0.481
 None 0 1.4 0.9   2.0 3.5 3.0    
 Primary 33.3 29.2 30.7   21.4 27.5 25.3    
 Secondary or higher 66.7 69.4 68.4   76.5 69.0 71.8    
Key Risk Factors
Parity     0.165     0.045* 0.625 0.025*
 1 42.5 31.3 35.5   48.9 38.1 42.8    
 2–4 49.4 55.6 53.3   43.1 56.9 50.9    
 5+ 8.1 13.2 11.3   8.0 5.0 6.3    
Prior Birth Outcome     0.025*     0.369 0.550 0.355
 Live birth 76.6 90.5 85.9   81.3 86.4 84.5    
 Adverse outcome 23.4 9.5 14.1   18.7 13.6 15.5    
Told Could be at Risk for Complications     0.832     < 0.001* 0.54 0.002*
 Yes 54.7 56.1 55.6   58.8 38.7 47.3    
 No 45.3 43.9 44.4   41.2 61.3 52.7    
Type of toilet     < 0.001*     < 0.001* 0.003* < 0.001*
 Not in house 46.5 4.7 19.9   66.9 25.4 43.2    
 In house 53.5 95.3 80.1   33.1 74.6 56.8    
Mean time to health facility 50.6 ± 31.8 43.3 ± 30.8 46.2 ± 31.3 0.092 46.4 ± 36.9 58.2 ± 56.5 53.2 ± 49.5 0.043* 0.397 0.007*
Programmatic Factor
Attend community event     0.932     0.70 0.001* 0.031*
 No 80.5 80.0 80.2   59.8 69.6 65.4    
 Yes 19.5 20.0 19.8   40.2 30.4 34.6    
Number of observations 86 149 235   123 170 293    
  1. *p < 0.050