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Table 3 Comparisons between MWH users and non-MWH users at baseline and endline and comparisons of changes over time at Kasungu

From: Evaluation of a maternity waiting home and community education program in two districts of Malawi

  Baseline Endline  
MWH (%) Non-MWH (%) Total (%) Difference between MWH users and non-users (p value) MWH (%) Non-MWH (%) Total (%) Difference between MWH users and non-users (p value) Change in MWH users over time (p value) Change in non-MWH users over time (p value)
Sociodemographic Factors
Age group     0.061     0.849 0.176 0.078
 15–19 26.6 15.9 21.9   30.6 29.5 30.0    
 20–24 30.6 39.1 34.4   31.9 34.9 33.6    
 25–29 16.2 21.0 18.3   18.8 17.5 18.1    
 30–34 11.6 14.5 12.9   12.5 9.6 11.0    
 35+ 15.0 9.4 12.5   6.3 8.4 7.4    
Education level     0.206     0.052 0.797 0.310
 None 4.6 8.6 6.4   6.0 5.3 5.6    
 Primary 68.0 60.0 64.4   68.7 56.7 62.3    
 Secondary or higher 27.4 31.4 29.2   25.3 38.0 32.1    
Marital Status     0.487     0.089 0.568 0.123
 Currently not married 4.0 5.7 4.8   5.3 10.5 8.1    
 Currently married 96.0 94.3 95.2   94.7 89.5 91.9    
Husband’s Education     0.286     0.052 0.251 0.018*
 None 4.2 2.3 3.4   7.2 6.7 6.9    
 Primary 53.6 46.9 50.7   45.3 32.0 38.4    
 Secondary or higher 42.3 50.8 46.0   47.5 61.3 54.7    
Key Risk Factors
Parity     0.517     0.671 0.959 0.468
 1 46.7 42.1 44.6   45.3 49.1 47.4    
 2–4 37.1 43.6 40.1   38.7 38.0 38.3    
 5+ 16.2 14.3 15.3   16.0 12.9 14.3    
Prior Birth Outcome     0.125     0.902 0.737 0.183
 Live birth 88.2 94.9 91.5   89.9 89.3 89.6    
 Adverse outcome 11.8 5.1 8.5   10.1 10.7 10.4    
Told Could be at Risk for Complications     0.216     0.078 < 0.001* < 0.001*
 Yes 76.9 70.7 74.1   56.1 46.2 50.8    
 No 23.1 29.3 25.9   43.9 53.8 49.2    
Type of toilet     0.955     0.023* 0.179 0.010*
 Not in house 3.4 3.6 3.5   6.7 14.6 10.9    
 In house 96.6 96.4 96.5   93.3 85.4 89.1    
Mean time to health facility 131.9 ± 90.3 87.0 ± 76.1 111.3 ± 86.9 < 0.001* 121.0 ± 67.6 76.7 ± 60.4 96.6 ± 67.3 < 0.001* 0.267 0.208
Programmatic Factor
Attend community event     0.533     0.365 < 0.001* < 0.001*
 No 44.0 47.5 45.6   66.7 71.4 69.2    
 Yes 56.0 52.5 54.4   33.3 28.7 30.8    
Number of observations 175 140 315   150 171 321    
  1. *p < 0.050