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Table 5 Multivariate coefficients and 95% confidence intervals from logistic regression models of factors associated with use of a maternity waiting home (MWH) among women surveyed in 2015 and 2017 at postpartum, postnatal, or child welfare visits in two areas of Malawi

From: Evaluation of a maternity waiting home and community education program in two districts of Malawi

  Full sample MWH vs. Not MWH Area 25 MWH vs. Not MWH Kasungu MWH vs. Not MWH
  β 95% CI β 95% CI β 95% CI
Sociodemographic Factors
Age group
 15–19 − 0.04 (− 0.74; 0.65) − 0.72 (−1.86; 0.42) 0.22 (− 0.69; 1.13)
 20–24 − 0.08 (− 0.70; 0.54) − 0.46 (− 1.47; 0.54) 0.00 (− 0.82; 0.83)
 25–29 − 0.03 (− 0.63; 0.58) − 0.37 (−1.34; 0.61) 0.09 (− 0.71; 0.89)
 30–34 − 0.13 (− 0.72; 0.45) − 0.49 (− 1.47; 0.50) − 0.06 (− 0.82; 0.70)
 35+ (ref)    
Education level
 None/Primary (ref)    
 Secondary or higher − 0.09 (− 0.36; 0.18) − 0.15 (− 0.58; 0.27) − 0.12 (− 0.50; 0.26)
Location
 Area 25 (ref)    
 Kasungu 0.37 (0.09; 0.66)* NA   NA  
Time period
 Baseline (2015 - ref)    
 Endline (2017) − 0.23 (− 0.48; 0.03)+ − 0.31 (− 0.73; 0.11) − 0.15 (− 0.51; 0.20)
Key Risk Factors
Parity
 1 0.42 (0.05; 0.80)* 0.74 (0.14; 1.33)* 0.16 (− 0.35; 0.68)
 2 (ref)    
 3–4 0.17 (− 0.24; 0.58) 0.12 (− 0.50; 0.75) 0.11 (− 0.47; 0.70)
 5+ 0.31 (−0.27; 0.89) 0.22 (−0.73; 1.17) 0.18 (−0.59; 0.95)
Told she may have complications
 No (ref)    
 Yes 0.31 (0.05; 0.56)* 0.17 (−0.23; 0.57) 0.25 (−0.10; 0.60)
Prior Birth Outcome
 No prior/Live birth (ref)    
 Adverse outcome 0.44 (−0.07; 0.95)+ 0.67 (−0.03; 1.38)+ 0.40 (−0.40; 1.21)
Type of toilet
 Not in house (ref)    
 In house −1.30 (−1.65; −0.96)*** −1.97 (−2.40; − 1.54)*** 0.43 (− 0.23; 1.08)
Time to facility (continuous) 0.01 (0.00; 0.01)*** −0.00 (−0.01; 0.00) 0.01 (0.01; 0.01)***
Programmatic Factor
Attended community event
 No (ref)    
 Yes 0.18 (−0.08; 0.45) 0.13 (−0.31; 0.58) 0.20 (−0.16; 0.56)
Number of observations 1160   538   622  
pseudo R2 0.0794   0.1591   0.0690  
  1. + p < 0.10 *p < 0.05 **p < 0.01 ***p < 0.001