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Maternal health and pregnancy

Section edited by Asma Khalil

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

Page 1 of 14

  1. Content type: Research article

    Timely initiation of antenatal care can avoid pregnancy related problems and save lives of mothers and babies. In developing nations, however, only half of the pregnant mothers receive the recommended number o...

    Authors: Berhanu Gebresilassie, Tilahun Belete, Weyzer Tilahun, Betell Berhane and Senait Gebresilassie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:340

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant women who are at risk of preterm birth are often stressed, anxious and depressed because of worries and fears related to the health of the unborn baby, their own health and uncertainty about the futur...

    Authors: Henrika Pulliainen, Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén, Eeva Ekholm and Sari Ahlqvist-Björkroth

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:338

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Affecting approximately 10% of pregnancies, fetal growth restriction (FGR), is the most important cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Impaired placental function and consequent mal-perfusion of the pla...

    Authors: T. Groten, T. Lehmann and E. Schleußner

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:336

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Globally, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is rising, but it is a neglected health threat to mothers and their children in low resource countries. Although, GDM is known in Ethiopia, information regarding i...

    Authors: Achenef Asmamaw Muche, Oladapo O. Olayemi and Yigzaw Kebede Gete

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:334

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Peripartum depression is a leading cause of disease burden for women and yet there is little evidence as to how often peripartum depression does not respond to treatment and becomes treatment resistant depress...

    Authors: M. Soledad Cepeda, David M. Kern and Susan Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:323

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  6. Content type: Research article

    High Body Mass Index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) affect an increasing number of pregnancies. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has issued recommendations on the optimal GWG for women according to the...

    Authors: Ewelina Rogozińska, Javier Zamora, Nadine Marlin, Ana Pilar Betrán, Arne Astrup, Annick Bogaerts, Jose G. Cecatti, Jodie M. Dodd, Fabio Facchinetti, Nina R. W. Geiker, Lene A. H. Haakstad, Hans Hauner, Dorte M. Jensen, Tarja I. Kinnunen, Ben W. J. Mol, Julie Owens…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:322

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In most countries in the world, promotion of maternal and child health is perceived as women’s role and men do not feel that they are responsible and see no reason to accompany their partners to Antenatal Care...

    Authors: Elizabeth Kabanga, Alfred Chibwae, Namanya Basinda and Domenica Morona

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:321

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Studies showed that pregnant women generally value routine ultrasounds in the first two trimesters because these provide reassurance and a chance to see their unborn baby. This, in turn, might help to decrease...

    Authors: Myrte Westerneng, Mariëlle Diepeveen, Anke B. Witteveen, Marjan J. Westerman, Henriette E. van der Horst, Anneloes L. van Baar and Ank de Jonge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:319

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Cobalamin metabolism disorders are rare, inherited diseases which cause megaloblastic anaemia and other clinical manifestations. Early diagnosis of these conditions is essential, in order to allow appropriate ...

    Authors: Elvira Grandone, Pasquale Martinelli, Michela Villani, Gennaro Vecchione, Lucia Fischetti, Angelica Leccese, Rosa Santacroce, Gaetano Corso and Maurizio Margaglione

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:318

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  10. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to evaluate the curative effect and complications in cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) patients treated with a transvaginal injection of absolute ethanol (AE) around the gestation sac (GS) under ul...

    Authors: Fangfang Lu, Yuanming Liu and Wenjun Tang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:312

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic alignment changes during pregnancy and post-childbirth. Pelvic belts exert external forces that compress and stabilize the joints, and therefore, could influence pelvic alignment. However, limited infor...

    Authors: Saori Morino, Mika Ishihara, Fumiko Umezaki, Hiroko Hatanaka, Mamoru Yamashita, Rika Kawabe and Tomoki Aoyama

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:305

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Screening for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) is clinically important for identifying women at high risk, and planning early preventative interventions to improve pregnancy outcomes. Several studies ...

    Authors: Dalau Mukadi Nkamba, John Ditekemena, Gilbert Wembodinga, Pierre Bernard, Antoinette Tshefu and Annie Robert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:297

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Physiological changes during pregnancy, foetal growth and development increase the requirement for Iron and Folic Acid. The increased demand of these nutrients is not meet through diet alone due to decreased b...

    Authors: Habtamu Assefa, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:296

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    The risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy and puerperal periods is significantly higher than during the non-pregnant period and is one of the major causes of maternal mortality. Developed count...

    Authors: Yi Chen, Yan Dai, Jing Song, Ling Wei, Ying Ma, Ning Tian, Qian Wang, Qian Zhang, Yue Zhang, Xiao Lan Wang, Jun Zhang and Rong Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:294

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Spontaneous pregnancy loss and implantation failure after assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are very common occurrences. Although 50–60% of all cases remains unexplained, various predisposing factors, i...

    Authors: Michela Villani, Domenico Baldini, Pasquale Totaro, Giovanni Larciprete, Mirjana Kovac, Domenico Carone, Serena Maria Passamonti, Eleonora Tamborini Permunian, Tiziana Bartolotti, Andrea Lojacono, Rossella Cacciola, Giuliano Lo Pinto, Eugenio Bucherini, Valerio De Stefano, Corrado Lodigiani, Cristina Lavopa…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:292

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  16. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to study gestational weight gain (GWG) in a Singaporean population and compare it with Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 GWG guidelines.

    Authors: Song He, John Carson Allen, Nurul Syaza Razali, Nyo Mie Win, Jun Jim Zhang, Mor Jack Ng, George Seow Heong Yeo, Bernard Su Min Chern and Kok Hian Tan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:290

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Antibiotics are standard treatment for asymptomatic and symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs) in pregnancy. Their overuse, however, can contribute to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and expose the foetus ...

    Authors: Flavia Ghouri, Amelia Hollywood and Kath Ryan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:289

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  18. Content type: Research article

    To compare the prevalence of preterm birth, post term birth, intra-uterine growth restriction and distribution of Apgar scores in offspring of foreign-born women in Western Australia with that of their Austral...

    Authors: Ifrah Abdullahi, Kingsley Wong, Emma Glasson, Raewyn Mutch, Nicholas de Klerk, Jenny Downs, Sarah Cherian and Helen Leonard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:287

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Fetal growth is dependent upon utero-placental vascular supply of oxygen and nutrients from the mother and has been proposed to be compromised by vigorous intensity exercise in the third trimester. The aim of ...

    Authors: Kassia S. Beetham, Courtney Giles, Michael Noetel, Vicki Clifton, Jacqueline C. Jones and Geraldine Naughton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:281

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common cause of maternal morbidity, and can lead to the development of diabetes later in life. Pre-pregnancy body weight is associated with the change in body mass inde...

    Authors: Jing Liu, Guang Song, Tao Meng, Ge Zhao and Songning Guo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:272

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  21. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the association between sociodemographic and obstetric variables and delays in care with maternal near misses (MNMs) and their health indicators.

    Authors: Telmo Henrique Barbosa de Lima, Melania Maria Amorim, Samir Buainain Kassar and Leila Katz

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:271

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum depression (PPD) complicates maternal wellbeing, maternal-infant bonding, and cognitive function in children and woman’s relationship with her partner. Clinical observations suggest a higher risk of...

    Authors: Barke Mbarak, Charles Kilewo, Saidi Kuganda and Bruno F. Sunguya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:270

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Improved understanding of vegetable intake changes between pregnancy and postpartum may inform future intervention targets to establish healthy home food environments. Therefore, the goal of this study was to ...

    Authors: Alison Tovar, Jill L. Kaar, Karen McCurdy, Alison E. Field, Dana Dabelea and Maya Vadiveloo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:267

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder characterized by vascular endothelial malfunction occurring after 20 weeks of gestation. Placental soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) is an antiangiogenic factor...

    Authors: Vivek Pant, Binod Kumar Yadav and Jyoti Sharma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:266

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Maternal education is wide-ranging and covers many areas from pregnancy to the immediate postpartum period and childrearing. However, for it to be effective, more resources need to be assigned to key topics. T...

    Authors: Carmen Paz-Pascual, Isabel Artieta-Pinedo and Gonzalo Grandes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:264

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The oral glucose-tolerance test (OGTT) is currently the standard method for diagnosis of gestational diabetes (GDM). We conducted a post hoc analysis using the Australian Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Ou...

    Authors: Eddie X. Shen, Robert G. Moses, Jeremy J.N. Oats, Julia Lowe and H. David McIntyre

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:263

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The increased potential for negative pregnancy outcomes in both extremes of reproductive age is a well-debated argument. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence and the outcome of pregnancies conce...

    Authors: Ambrogio P. Londero, Emma Rossetti, Carla Pittini, Angelo Cagnacci and Lorenza Driul

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:261

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Perinatal depression, the most common pregnancy complication, is associated with negative maternal-offspring outcomes. Despite existence of effective treatments, it is under-recognized and under-treated. Profe...

    Authors: Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Linda Brenckle, Padma Sankaran, Grace A. Masters, Sharina Person, Linda Weinreb, Jean Y. Ko, Cheryl L. Robbins, Jeroan Allison and Nancy Byatt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:256

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Poor sleep, including symptoms of insomnia are common during pregnancy and postpartum periods. Poor sleep during the perinatal period is linked to impaired daytime functioning, mood disturbance, and risk for c...

    Authors: Bei Bei, Donna M. Pinnington, Lin Shen, Michelle Blumfield, Sean P. A. Drummond, Louise K. Newman and Rachel Manber

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:254

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Screening for GDM and applying adequate interventions may reduce the risk of adverse outcomes. However, the diagnosis of GDM d...

    Authors: Tao Zheng, Weiping Ye, Xipeng Wang, Xiaoyong Li, Jun Zhang, Julian Little, Lixia Zhou and Lin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:252

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In April 2012 our institution chose to switch from a two- step criteria for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) screening, to the International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group (IADSPG) criteri...

    Authors: Elena Costa, Christine Kirckpartick, Colette Gerday, Aricia De Kempeneer, Sara Derisbourg, An Vercoutere, Sophie Haumont, Axelle Pintiaux and Caroline Daelemans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:249

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain (LBP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP) are commonly reported during pregnancy and are known to affect pregnant women’s well-being. Still, these conditions are often considered to be a normal part of ...

    Authors: Ranjeeta Shijagurumayum Acharya, Anne Therese Tveter, Margreth Grotle, Malin Eberhard-Gran and Britt Stuge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:247

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Fetal growth has been known to be associated with particulate matter (PM) air pollution during gestation. Given that regular working may deviate outdoor air pollution exposure, the association between air poll...

    Authors: Seung-Ah Choe, Jiyeong Jang, Min Jung Kim, Yoon-Bae Jun and Sun-Young Kim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:246

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  34. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to provide a German translation of the Body Image in Pregnancy Scale (BIPS) – a measure tailored to pregnancy-specific aspects of body image while being consistent to the multifaceted theoreti...

    Authors: Michaela Nagl, Lene Jepsen, Katja Linde and Anette Kersting

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:244

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy-related anxiety (PrA) has been identified as a construct distinct from general stress and anxiety with a negative impact on birth and child outcomes. Validated instruments with good psychometric prop...

    Authors: S. Mudra, A. Göbel, D. Barthel, K. Hecher, M. Schulte-Markwort, J. Goletzke, P. Arck and A. Diemert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:242

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  36. Content type: Research article

    In Mexico, obesity is a major public health problem; 71% of adults are overweight or obese. The proportion of deliveries by cesarean is also very high (45%). Women of reproductive age with overweight or obesit...

    Authors: Alexander Brenes-Monge, Biani Saavedra-Avendaño, Jacqueline Alcalde-Rabanal and Blair G. Darney

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:239

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  37. Content type: Research article

    An understanding of the association between adolescent nutrition, adolescent pregnancy and their quest for healthcare services may elucidate a basis for intervention and formulation of programs that enhance po...

    Authors: David Omondi Okeyo, Sussy Gumo, Elly O. Munde, Charles O. Opiyo, Zablon O. Omungo, Maureen Olyaro, Rachel K. Ndirangu, Nanlop Ogbureke, Sophie Efange and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:229

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The importance of vitamin D in bone health and calcium homeostasis has been well documented. However, emerging evidence supports the role of vitamin D beyond its recognised traditional roles. In pregnancy, vit...

    Authors: Raylton P. Chikwati, Cuthbert Musarurwa, Kerina Duri, Kudakwashe Mhandire, Tracy Snyman and Jaya A. George

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:218

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia has been expanding maternity waiting homes to bridge geographical gaps between health facilities and communities in order to improve access to skilled care. In 2015, the Ministry of Health revised its...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Yayeh Negash Getu, Mahbub Ali Abdukie, Geremew Gonfa Eba, Emily Keyes and Patricia E. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:214

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Specific dietary factors contribute to greater risks of prenatal and postpartum anxiety and depression. This study aimed to systematically review and assess the evidence regarding the association between dieta...

    Authors: David Franciole Oliveira Silva, Ricardo Ney Cobucci, Ana Katherine Gonçalves and Severina Carla Vieira Cunha Lima

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:212

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most frequent pathogens for congenital infections. Most cases of congenital CMV infection (cCMV) are asymptomatic at birth, but sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) or neurodev...

    Authors: Yuka Torii, Shigeru Yoshida, Yoichiro Yanase, Takashi Mitsui, Kazuhiro Horiba, Toshihiko Okumura, Suguru Takeuchi, Takako Suzuki, Jun-ichi Kawada, Tomomi Kotani, Mamoru Yamashita and Yoshinori Ito

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:205

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  42. Content type: Research article

    No study has revealed the effectiveness of long-term tocolysis for patients diagnosed with threatened preterm birth, and the use of betamimetics in these patients has not been recommended in the United States ...

    Authors: Daisuke Shigemi, Shotaro Aso and Hideo Yasunaga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:204

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Despite many guidelines for the management of gestational diabetes available internationally, little work has been done to summarize and assess the content of existing guidelines. A paucity of analysis guideli...

    Authors: Mengxing Zhang, Yingfeng Zhou, Jie Zhong, Kairong Wang, Yan Ding and Li Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:200

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Commonly used drugs in pregnant women include antihypertensives, hypoglycemic agents, analgesics, antimicrobials, antiemetics and antispasmodics but the use of medicines during pregnancy, especially in high-ris.....

    Authors: Kathlen Dayanne Lopes da Silva, Flávia Evelyn Medeiros Fernandes, Thiago de Lima Pessoa, Sara Iasmin Vieira Cunha Lima, Antônio Gouveia Oliveira and Rand Randall Martins

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:199

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Increasing skilled attendance during childbirth is well established in literature to play a significant role in averting the many preventable maternal deaths that occur in developing countries such as Ghana. I...

    Authors: Peter Adatara, Johanita Strumpher and Esmeralda Ricks

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:195

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    The burden of childhood and adult obesity disproportionally affects Hispanic and African-American populations in the US, and these groups as well as populations with lower income and education levels are dispr...

    Authors: Theresa M. Bastain, Thomas Chavez, Rima Habre, Mariam S. Girguis, Brendan Grubbs, Claudia Toledo-Corral, Milena Amadeus, Shohreh F. Farzan, Laila Al-Marayati, Deborah Lerner, David Noya, Alyssa Quimby, Sara Twogood, Melissa Wilson, Leda Chatzi, Michael Cousineau…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:189

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have reported an intergenerational association between maternal and offspring preterm birth (PTB) but the nature of the association remains unclear. We assessed the association between materna...

    Authors: Marcelo L. Urquia, Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Chelsea A. Ruth, Xiaoqing Liu and Leslie L. Roos

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:157

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Gestational hemodynamic adaptations, including lowered blood pressure (BP) until mid-gestation, might benefit placental function. We hypothesized that elevated BP from early to mid-gestation increases risks of...

    Authors: J. Gunnarsdottir, T. Akhter, U. Högberg, S. Cnattingius and A. K. Wikström

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:186

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