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Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

Page 1 of 15

  1. Content type: Research article

    Globally, prematurity is a major determinant of morbidity and mortality contributing 30–40% of neonatal mortality. The consequences of preterm deliveries are enormous with developmental and childhood complicat...

    Authors: Ernest Konadu Aseidu, Delia Akosua Bandoh, Donne Kofi Ameme, Priscilla Nortey, Patricia Akweongo, Samuel Oko Sackey, Edwin Afari, Kofi Mensah Nyarko and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:248

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Dien Bien Province in northwest Vietnam is predominantly populated with ethnic minority groups, who experience worse maternal and child health outcomes than the general population. Various factors are associat...

    Authors: Shannon McKinn, Duong Thuy Linh, Kirsty Foster and Kirsten McCaffery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:243

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Ragged placental membranes is a distinct entity from retained placenta and not uncommonly reported in midwifery texts. Although the incidence of postpartum endometritis is merely 1–5% after vaginal births, it ...

    Authors: Hian Yan Voon, Jun Yan Pow, Lee Na Tan, Haris Njoo Suharjono and Wan Sim Teo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:240

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Abnormalities of blood cell counts and of cytokine profiles in women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) have been reported in several studies. Although their cause-effect relationships to HDP are n...

    Authors: Yohana Silas Mtali, Magdalena Amani Lyimo, Lucio Luzzatto and Siriel Nanzia Massawe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:237

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Malaria in pregnancy increases the risk of adverse birth outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW), maternal and foetal anemia. In Tanzania, some areas have attained low malaria transmission. However, data on th...

    Authors: Wigilya P. Mikomangwa, Minzi OMS, Eleni Aklillu and Appolinary A. R. Kamuhabwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:236

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of post cesarean intra-abdominal infection (IAI) and the independent risk factors associated with it were retrospectively studied at a tertiary referral hospital in Egypt.

    Authors: Ahmed R. Abdelraheim, Khaled Gomaa, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men M. Mohammed, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ayman M. Youssef, Ahmed K. Abdelhakeem, Heba Hassan, Ahmed Abd Alghany and Saad El Gelany

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:234

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Grand multiparity is a major public health concern especially among developing countries and has been associated with higher risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes compared with women of lesser parity. Th...

    Authors: Atem Bethel Ajong, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Larissa Pone Simo, Jean Jacques Noubiap and Tsi Njim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:233

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  8. Content type: Research article

    While there has been a trend for greater number of women to deliver at health facilities across Tanzania, mothers and their family members continue to face mistreatment with respectful maternity care during ch...

    Authors: Lilian T. Mselle, Thecla W. Kohi and Justine Dol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:231

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Increased encounters with the healthcare system at multiple levels have the potential to improve maternal and newborn outcomes. The literature is replete with evidence on the impact of antenatal care and postn...

    Authors: Jody R. Lori, Joseph Perosky, Michelle L. Munro-Kramer, Phil Veliz, Gertrude Musonda, Jameson Kaunda, Carol J. Boyd, Rachael Bonawitz, Godfrey Biemba, Thandiwe Ngoma and Nancy Scott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:228

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Grand multiparity has been associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as post-partum hemorrhage,gestational hypertension, gestationaldiabetes mellitus and high perinatal mortality.There...

    Authors: Zainab Muniro, Clifford Silver Tarimo, Michael J. Mahande, Eusebious Maro and Bariki Mchome

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:222

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Low birthweight (LBW) remains the most important risk factor which attributed to mortality of 15–20% of newborns across the globe. An infant with low birthweight is more likely to have stunting in childhood an...

    Authors: Shimelis Girma, Teshale Fikadu, Eskeziyaw Agdew, Desta Haftu, Genet Gedamu, Zeritu Dewana and Bereket Getachew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:220

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Despite an increased number of infants born with macrosomia globally, low birth weight infants have currently attracted more attention. Macrosomia is a growing problem in most developing countries and it direc...

    Authors: Freweini Gebrearegay Tela, Afework Mulugeta Bezabih, Amaha Kahsay Adhanu and Kidanemariam Berhe Tekola

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:219

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Teenage pregnancy is a serious public health and social problem, with 95% occurring in developing countries. The aim of the study was to investigate the behavioural, familial and social factors associated with...

    Authors: Anthony Mark Ochen, Primus Che Chi and Stephen Lawoko

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:211

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy carries potential threat to fetal well being. Natural conversion of vitamin D in the skin can be facilitated by direct ultra violet B (UVB) radiation, but the effect is re...

    Authors: Raden Tina Dewi Judistiani, Sefita Aryuti Nirmala, Meilia Rahmawati, Reni Ghrahani, Yessika Adelwin Natalia, Adhi Kristianto Sugianli, Agnes Rengga Indrati, Oki Suwarsa and Budi Setiabudiawan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:209

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  15. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to determine reported prevalence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) and maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with these disorders among women delivering at selected hospitals acr...

    Authors: Matthew Bridwell, Endang Handzel, Michelle Hynes, Reginald Jean-Louis, David Fitter, Carol Hogue, Reynold Grand-Pierre, Hedwige Pierre and Bradley Pearce

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:208

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to identify trajectories of perinatal depressive symptoms and their predictors among women living in a low-resource setting in South Africa, and who present with a risk of depression d...

    Authors: Emily C. Garman, Marguerite Schneider and Crick Lund

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:202

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Antepartum depressive and anxiety symptoms (ADS and AAS) are prevalent in Malaysia. Prior evidence linking maternal ADS and AAS with adverse birth outcomes and caesarean section (CS) or instrumental delivery i...

    Authors: Hashima E. Nasreen, Hafizah Binti Pasi, Sakinah Md Rifin, Mohd Aznan Md Aris, Jamalludin Ab Rahman, Razman Mohd Rus and Maigun Edhborg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:201

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Sexual violence in marital relationship is higher among women married at young age. Although sexual violence has been found to increase risk for unintended pregnancy, there is a limited published data from Nep...

    Authors: Kiran Acharya, Yuba Raj Paudel and Pramita Silwal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:196

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The effects of conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs on maternal and child health (MCH) service use in conflicted affected countries such as Afghanistan are not known.

    Authors: Karen M. Edmond, Abo Ishmael Foshanji, Malalai Naziri, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Jane Machlin Burke, Natalie Strobel and Farhad Farewar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:193

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Most of the maternal and newborn deaths occur at birth or within 24 h of birth. Provision of quality Basic Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (BEmONC) is very crucial and the current recommended interventio...

    Authors: Betell Berhane, Haftom Gebrehiwot, Solomon Weldemariam, Berhane Fisseha, Samson Kahsay and Alem Gebremariam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:190

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  21. Content type: Research article

    In countries where the proportion of births attended by skilled providers is low, maternal mortality is high. According to the 2016 EDHS report, the proportion of births attended by skilled providers was only ...

    Authors: Ahmed Siraj, Woubishet Teka and Habtemu Hebo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:185

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Adolescents are especially vulnerable due to increased biological, social and economic risks associated with early pregnancy and childbirth, yet most pregnancy and childbirth-related complications are preventa...

    Authors: Kristy Hackett, Lindsey Lenters, Ashley Vandermorris, Curtis LaFleur, Sam Newton, Sidney Ndeki and Stanley Zlotkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:184

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Little is known of the burden of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization among pregnant women in Jordan. We conducted a pilot study to determine the prevalence of GBS among pregnant women in Amman, Jordan, where...

    Authors: Kate Clouse, Asem Shehabi, Abel Mani Suleimat, Samir Faouri, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Abeer Al Jammal, James Chappell, Kimberly B. Fortner, Anna B. Chamby, Tara M. Randis, Adam J. Ratner, David M. Aronoff and Natasha Halasa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:177

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Gaps in postnatal care use represent missed opportunities to prevent maternal and neonatal death in sub-Saharan Africa. As one in every three non-facility deliveries in Nigeria is assisted by a traditional bir...

    Authors: Adanna Chukwuma, Chinyere Mbachu, Margaret McConnell, Thomas J. Bossert and Jessica Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:150

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Each year, about 20 million Low Birth Weight (LBW) babies are born with very high proportion (96.5%) occuring in developing countries. In the last decade, the incidence of LBW in Ghana has not declined. Brong ...

    Authors: Zakariah Adam, Donne Kofi Ameme, Priscillia Nortey, Edwin Andrew Afari and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:174

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness (BP/CR) is the process of planning for normal birth and anticipating actions needed in case of emergency. Even though there is no adequate evidences on determinant...

    Authors: Miteku Andualem Limenih, Habitamu Gebrehana Belay and Habitamu Abie Tassew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:171

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Regular fetal heart rate monitoring during labor can drastically reduce fresh stillbirths and neonatal mortality through early detection and management of fetal distress. Fetal monitoring in low-resource setti...

    Authors: Sara Rivenes Lafontan, Hussein L. Kidanto, Hege L. Ersdal, Columba K. Mbekenga and Johanne Sundby

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:165

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  28. Content type: Research article

    To achieve the Sustainable Development Goal related to maternal and neonatal outcomes, the World Health Organization advocates for a first antenatal care (ANC) contact before 12 weeks of gestation. In order to...

    Authors: Thinley Dorji, Mrinalini Das, Rafael Van den Bergh, Myo Minn Oo, Sonam Gyamtsho, Karma Tenzin, Tashi Tshomo and Sonam Ugen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:158

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Child marriage is associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes, and the practice is still alarmingly common. Together with efforts to end child marriage, it is essential to provide adequate health care...

    Authors: Binita Maharjan, Poonam Rishal and Joar Svanemyr

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:152

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The use of post-partum family planning (PPFP) methods such as post-partum intrauterine device (PPIUD) in general remains low despite its benefits for the women. The reasons or factors affecting the uptake and ...

    Authors: Kusum Thapa, Rolina Dhital, Sameena Rajbhandari, Shreedhar Acharya, Sangeeta Mishra, Sunil Mani Pokhrel, Saroja Pande, Emily-Ann Tunnacliffe and Anita Makins

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:148

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy increases the risk of recurrent bacteriuria and acute pyelonephritis which is associated with significant maternal and fetal risks. The prevalence of bacteriuria varies worldwide. Clinical diagnosis ...

    Authors: Charlotte Tchente Nguefack, Cecile Okalla Ebongue, Chrystelle Nouwe Chokotheu, Cedric Ebong Ewougo, Théophile Nana Njamen and Emile Mboudou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:143

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  32. Content type: Research article

    There is evidence that supervised delivery has the potential to improve birth outcomes for both women and newborns. However, not all women especially in low-income settings like Ghana use supervised delivery s...

    Authors: John Kuumuori Ganle, Mathew Loyarl Kombet and Leonard Baatiema

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:141

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  33. Content type: Research article

    There is a growing recognition that quality of care must improve in facility-based deliveries to achieve further global reductions in maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity. Better measurement of care qu...

    Authors: Vandana Tripathi, Cynthia Stanton, Donna Strobino and Linda Bartlett

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:133

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Cesarean section (CS) is an important intervention in complicated births when the safety of the mother or baby is compromised. Despite worldwide concerns about the overutilization of CS in recent years, many A...

    Authors: Emily B. Atuheire, Denis Nixon Opio, Daniel Kadobera, Alex R. Ario, Joseph K. B. Matovu, Julie Harris, Lilian Bulage, Blandina Nakiganda, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Bao-Ping Zhu and Frank Kaharuza

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:132

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has shown that developing countries account for the majority of maternal deaths around the world. Relatively high maternal mortality in developing countries has been linked to high HIV preval...

    Authors: Choolwe Muzyamba, Wim Groot, Milena Pavlova and Sonila M. Tomini

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:127

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Unintended pregnancies are associated with negative consequences to both mother and baby. Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are at high risk of unintended/unplanned pregnancies. However, prevalence of pregnancy planni...

    Authors: Justine Nnakate Bukenya, Rhoda K. Wanyenze, Geraldine Barrett, Jennifer Hall, Fredrick Makumbi and David Guwatudde

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:121

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy is an underlying cause of maternal deaths, and reducing risk through routine iron supplementation is a key component of antenatal care (ANC) programs in most low- and mi...

    Authors: Mufaro Kanyangarara, Joanne Katz, Melinda K. Munos, Subarna K. Khatry, Luke C. Mullany and Neff Walker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:113

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Maternal body mass index is linked to short- and long-term unfavorable health outcomes both for child and mother. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of population-based cohort studies to evalua...

    Authors: Lei Liu, Yanan Ma, Ningning Wang, Wenjing Lin, Yang Liu and Deliang Wen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:105

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Puerperal sepsis is an infection of the genital tract, which occurs from rupture of amniotic sacs and within 42ndday after delivery. It happens mainly after discharge in the 1st 24 h of parturition. It is the thi...

    Authors: Getu Alemu Demisse, Samuel Dessau Sifer, Buseraseman Kedir, Daniel Belema Fekene and Gizachew Abdissa Bulto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:95

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Globally, 2.6 million stillbirths occur every year. Of these, 98% occur in developing countries. According to the United Nations Children’s Fund, the neonatal mortality rate in Zambia in 2014 was 2.4%. In 2016...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Miyoshi, Keiichi Matsubara, Norimi Takata and Yasunori Oka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:90

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Perinatal mortality is a devastating pregnancy outcome affecting millions of families in many low and middle-income countries including Nepal. This paper examined the more distant factors associated with perin...

    Authors: Pramesh Raj Ghimire, Kingsley E. Agho, Andre M. N. Renzaho, Monjura K. Nisha, Michael Dibley and Camille Raynes-Greenow

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:88

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Perinatal deaths account for 7% of the global burden of disease, with developing countries contributing about 98% of deaths. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and factors contributing to adv...

    Authors: Blessmore Vimbai Chaibva, Steve Olorunju, Simon Nyadundu and Andy Beke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:86

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The first one month of life; the neonatal period is the most risky time for child survival. In Ethiopia, neonatal mortality is unacceptably high, and the trend in reduction is slower as compared to infant and ...

    Authors: Tujare Tunta Orsido, Netsanet Abera Asseffa and Tezera Moshago Berheto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:83

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Adherence to Option B plus Antiretroviral Therapy plays a vital role in preventing mother to child transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and development of drug resistance. This study was aimed to asses...

    Authors: Dawit Jember Tesfaye, Desalegn Tsegaw Hibistu, Teshome Abuka Abebo, Feleke Tafesse Asfaw, Kaleegziabher Lukas, Tariku Laelago, Ermias Abera Turuse, Henok Gebreyohaness Kebede, Abraham Abate Altaye and Fanuel Belayneh Bekele

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:82

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Each year, an estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, a global burden borne disproportionately by families in lower-income countries. Maternal HIV infection increases a woman’s risk of delivering prematu...

    Authors: Joan T. Price, Bellington Vwalika, Bethany L. Freeman, Stephen R. Cole, Helen B. Mulenga, Jennifer Winston, Felistas M. Mbewe, Elwyn Chomba, Lynne M. Mofenson, Dwight J. Rouse, Robert L. Goldenberg and Jeffrey S. A. Stringer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:81

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Applicability of the World Health Organization (WHO) maternal near miss criteria in low-income settings is not systematically addressed in the literature. The objective of this review was to determine the appl...

    Authors: Abera Kenay Tura, To Lam Trang, Thomas van den Akker, Jos van Roosmalen, Sicco Scherjon, Joost Zwart and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:79

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