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  1. Content type: Research article

    Specific dietary factors contribute to greater risks of prenatal and postpartum anxiety and depression. This study aimed to systematically review and assess the evidence regarding the association between dieta...

    Authors: David Franciole Oliveira Silva, Ricardo Ney Cobucci, Ana Katherine Gonçalves and Severina Carla Vieira Cunha Lima

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:212

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Teenage pregnancy is a serious public health and social problem, with 95% occurring in developing countries. The aim of the study was to investigate the behavioural, familial and social factors associated with...

    Authors: Anthony Mark Ochen, Primus Che Chi and Stephen Lawoko

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:211

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are those born small for their gestational age, with weight below the 10th percentile. Not only do SGA infants suffer growth issues after birth, they have elevated risk ...

    Authors: Alexandra D. George, Melvin C. L. Gay, Mary E. Wlodek and Donna T. Geddes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:210

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy carries potential threat to fetal well being. Natural conversion of vitamin D in the skin can be facilitated by direct ultra violet B (UVB) radiation, but the effect is re...

    Authors: Raden Tina Dewi Judistiani, Sefita Aryuti Nirmala, Meilia Rahmawati, Reni Ghrahani, Yessika Adelwin Natalia, Adhi Kristianto Sugianli, Agnes Rengga Indrati, Oki Suwarsa and Budi Setiabudiawan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:209

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  5. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to determine reported prevalence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) and maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with these disorders among women delivering at selected hospitals acr...

    Authors: Matthew Bridwell, Endang Handzel, Michelle Hynes, Reginald Jean-Louis, David Fitter, Carol Hogue, Reynold Grand-Pierre, Hedwige Pierre and Bradley Pearce

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:208

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The objectives of this study were to explore the course of labor and the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury at the first vaginal birth after cesarean section (fVBAC) in comparison to primiparous vaginal b...

    Authors: Zdenek Rusavy, Erika Francova, Lenka Paymova, Khaled M. Ismail and Vladimir Kalis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:207

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most frequent pathogens for congenital infections. Most cases of congenital CMV infection (cCMV) are asymptomatic at birth, but sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) or neurodev...

    Authors: Yuka Torii, Shigeru Yoshida, Yoichiro Yanase, Takashi Mitsui, Kazuhiro Horiba, Toshihiko Okumura, Suguru Takeuchi, Takako Suzuki, Jun-ichi Kawada, Tomomi Kotani, Mamoru Yamashita and Yoshinori Ito

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:205

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  8. Content type: Research article

    No study has revealed the effectiveness of long-term tocolysis for patients diagnosed with threatened preterm birth, and the use of betamimetics in these patients has not been recommended in the United States ...

    Authors: Daisuke Shigemi, Shotaro Aso and Hideo Yasunaga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:204

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  9. Content type: Research article

    An adequate number of prenatal consultations is beneficial to the health of the mother and fetus. Guidelines recommend an average of 5–14 consultations. Daily practice, however, shows that some women attend th...

    Authors: Janneke T. Gitsels – van der Wal, Lisanne A. Gitsels, Angelo Hooker, Britte van Weert, Linda Martin and Esther I. Feijen – de Jong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:203

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to identify trajectories of perinatal depressive symptoms and their predictors among women living in a low-resource setting in South Africa, and who present with a risk of depression d...

    Authors: Emily C. Garman, Marguerite Schneider and Crick Lund

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:202

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Antepartum depressive and anxiety symptoms (ADS and AAS) are prevalent in Malaysia. Prior evidence linking maternal ADS and AAS with adverse birth outcomes and caesarean section (CS) or instrumental delivery i...

    Authors: Hashima E. Nasreen, Hafizah Binti Pasi, Sakinah Md Rifin, Mohd Aznan Md Aris, Jamalludin Ab Rahman, Razman Mohd Rus and Maigun Edhborg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:201

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Despite many guidelines for the management of gestational diabetes available internationally, little work has been done to summarize and assess the content of existing guidelines. A paucity of analysis guideli...

    Authors: Mengxing Zhang, Yingfeng Zhou, Jie Zhong, Kairong Wang, Yan Ding and Li Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:200

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Commonly used drugs in pregnant women include antihypertensives, hypoglycemic agents, analgesics, antimicrobials, antiemetics and antispasmodics but the use of medicines during pregnancy, especially in high-ris.....

    Authors: Kathlen Dayanne Lopes da Silva, Flávia Evelyn Medeiros Fernandes, Thiago de Lima Pessoa, Sara Iasmin Vieira Cunha Lima, Antônio Gouveia Oliveira and Rand Randall Martins

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:199

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Measuring care processes is an important component of any effort to improve care quality, however knowing the appropriate metrics to measure is a challenge both in Ireland and other countries. Quality of midwi...

    Authors: Declan Devane, Nora Barrett, Anne Gallen, Mary Frances O’Reilly, Margaret Nadin, Gillian Conway, Linda Biesty and Valerie Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:198

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a rare complication of pregnancy that involves persistent nausea and extreme vomiting to an intensity that differentiates HG from nausea and vomiting commonly experienced during ...

    Authors: Danielle Groleau, Jessica Benady-Chorney, Alexandra Panaitoiu and Vania Jimenez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:197

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Sexual violence in marital relationship is higher among women married at young age. Although sexual violence has been found to increase risk for unintended pregnancy, there is a limited published data from Nep...

    Authors: Kiran Acharya, Yuba Raj Paudel and Pramita Silwal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:196

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Increasing skilled attendance during childbirth is well established in literature to play a significant role in averting the many preventable maternal deaths that occur in developing countries such as Ghana. I...

    Authors: Peter Adatara, Johanita Strumpher and Esmeralda Ricks

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:195

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Studies have shown differences in the risk of caesarean section (CS) between ethnic minority groups. This could be a marker of unequal health care. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the r...

    Authors: Trine Damsted Rasmussen, Sarah Fredsted Villadsen, Per Kragh Andersen, Tine Dalsgaard Clausen and Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:194

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The effects of conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs on maternal and child health (MCH) service use in conflicted affected countries such as Afghanistan are not known.

    Authors: Karen M. Edmond, Abo Ishmael Foshanji, Malalai Naziri, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Jane Machlin Burke, Natalie Strobel and Farhad Farewar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:193

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Children born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are at increased risk of specific major birth defects compared with children born after in vitro fertilization (IVF). However, whether this risk is d...

    Authors: Seung Chik Jwa, Junna Jwa, Akira Kuwahara, Minoru Irahara, Osamu Ishihara and Hidekazu Saito

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:192

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in Zimbabwe has had remarkable success despite the country’s economic challenges. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges fac...

    Authors: Zibusiso Nyati-Jokomo, Inam Chitsike, Elizabeth Mbizvo and James January

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:191

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Most of the maternal and newborn deaths occur at birth or within 24 h of birth. Provision of quality Basic Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (BEmONC) is very crucial and the current recommended interventio...

    Authors: Betell Berhane, Haftom Gebrehiwot, Solomon Weldemariam, Berhane Fisseha, Samson Kahsay and Alem Gebremariam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:190

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    The burden of childhood and adult obesity disproportionally affects Hispanic and African-American populations in the US, and these groups as well as populations with lower income and education levels are dispr...

    Authors: Theresa M. Bastain, Thomas Chavez, Rima Habre, Mariam S. Girguis, Brendan Grubbs, Claudia Toledo-Corral, Milena Amadeus, Shohreh F. Farzan, Laila Al-Marayati, Deborah Lerner, David Noya, Alyssa Quimby, Sara Twogood, Melissa Wilson, Leda Chatzi, Michael Cousineau…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:189

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have reported an intergenerational association between maternal and offspring preterm birth (PTB) but the nature of the association remains unclear. We assessed the association between materna...

    Authors: Marcelo L. Urquia, Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Chelsea A. Ruth, Xiaoqing Liu and Leslie L. Roos

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:157

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia is associated with chronic inflammation. The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway regulates systemic inflammation through activating α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7nAChR) expressed in mo...

    Authors: Hongmei Xu, Qingyang Shi, Yanxiang Mo, Linlin Wu, Jishuang Gu and Ying Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:188

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy-associated stroke is a rare but life-threatening event, with an estimated incidence of 30/100000 deliveries. Data on the risk of stroke recurrence and the risk of other adverse pregnancy outcomes are...

    Authors: Liisa Karjalainen, Minna Tikkanen, Kirsi Rantanen, Hannele Laivuori, Mika Gissler and Petra Ijäs

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:187

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Gestational hemodynamic adaptations, including lowered blood pressure (BP) until mid-gestation, might benefit placental function. We hypothesized that elevated BP from early to mid-gestation increases risks of...

    Authors: J. Gunnarsdottir, T. Akhter, U. Högberg, S. Cnattingius and A. K. Wikström

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:186

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In countries where the proportion of births attended by skilled providers is low, maternal mortality is high. According to the 2016 EDHS report, the proportion of births attended by skilled providers was only ...

    Authors: Ahmed Siraj, Woubishet Teka and Habtemu Hebo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:185

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Adolescents are especially vulnerable due to increased biological, social and economic risks associated with early pregnancy and childbirth, yet most pregnancy and childbirth-related complications are preventa...

    Authors: Kristy Hackett, Lindsey Lenters, Ashley Vandermorris, Curtis LaFleur, Sam Newton, Sidney Ndeki and Stanley Zlotkin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:184

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is a common problem in reproductive-aged women and has become a major public health problem worldwide. The effect of VDD in pregnancy has been associated with several adverse pregnan...

    Authors: Arif Sabta Aji, E. Erwinda, Y. Yusrawati, Safarina G. Malik and Nur Indrawaty Lipoeto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:183

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Traumatic birth experience has undesirable effects on the life of the mother, child, family, and society. The identification of predictive factors can be useful in improving birth experiences among women. This...

    Authors: Solmaz Ghanbari-Homayi, Zahra Fardiazar, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Eesa Mohammadi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:182

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Worldwide, around 289,000 maternal mortalities occur each year from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. In Ethiopia, the maternal mortality rate is among the highest in the world. This is mainly...

    Authors: Zeray Baraki, Fthi Wendem, Hadgu Gerensea and Hafte Teklay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:180

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  33. Content type: Research article

    It is well established that the risks of insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus are elevated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. However, the relationship between SLE pregnancy and gestational di...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Dong, Ziwei Dai, Zhihui Wang, Hong Wang, Feifei Yuan, Ying Zhu, Dongqing Ye and Bin Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:179

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Majority of causes of maternal and newborn mortalities are preventable. However, poor access to and low utilization of health services remain major barriers to optimum health of the mothers and newborns. The o...

    Authors: Lelisa Sena Dadi, Melkamu Berhane, Yusuf Ahmed, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Tasew Berhanu, Kyung Hwan Kim, Masrie Getnet and Muluemabet Abera

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:178

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Little is known of the burden of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization among pregnant women in Jordan. We conducted a pilot study to determine the prevalence of GBS among pregnant women in Amman, Jordan, where...

    Authors: Kate Clouse, Asem Shehabi, Abel Mani Suleimat, Samir Faouri, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Abeer Al Jammal, James Chappell, Kimberly B. Fortner, Anna B. Chamby, Tara M. Randis, Adam J. Ratner, David M. Aronoff and Natasha Halasa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:177

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The rates of cesarean section (CS) are increasing worldwide leading to an increased risk for maternal and neonatal complications in the subsequent pregnancy and labor. Previous studies have demonstrated that s...

    Authors: Katariina Place, Heidi Kruit, Aydin Tekay, Seppo Heinonen and Leena Rahkonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:176

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Gaps in postnatal care use represent missed opportunities to prevent maternal and neonatal death in sub-Saharan Africa. As one in every three non-facility deliveries in Nigeria is assisted by a traditional bir...

    Authors: Adanna Chukwuma, Chinyere Mbachu, Margaret McConnell, Thomas J. Bossert and Jessica Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:150

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Because maternal depressive symptoms and stress during pregnancy are strongly associated with poor health of the mother and the developing child, understanding the predictors of women’s mental health problems ...

    Authors: Janina Eichler, Ricarda Schmidt, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess and Anja Hilbert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:175

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Each year, about 20 million Low Birth Weight (LBW) babies are born with very high proportion (96.5%) occuring in developing countries. In the last decade, the incidence of LBW in Ghana has not declined. Brong ...

    Authors: Zakariah Adam, Donne Kofi Ameme, Priscillia Nortey, Edwin Andrew Afari and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:174

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Monotonous and less diversified diets are associated with micronutrient deficiency. Evidence on maternal dietary intakes during pregnancy is essential to achieve the 2025 global nutrition target and reduce mat...

    Authors: Tebikew Yeneabat, Haweni Adugna, Tarekegn Asmamaw, Muluken Wubetu, Melaku Admas, Getachew Hailu, Asres Bedaso and Tadele Amare

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:173

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Pregnant and lactating women are at high risk of insufficient water intake. The cross-sectional study was mainly designed to evaluate the water intake, including total water intake (TWI), plain water intake, a...

    Authors: Yalin Zhou, Xiaoyu Zhu, Yong Qin, Yong Li, Minjia Zhang, Wei Liu, Hanming Huang and Yajun Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:172

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness (BP/CR) is the process of planning for normal birth and anticipating actions needed in case of emergency. Even though there is no adequate evidences on determinant...

    Authors: Miteku Andualem Limenih, Habitamu Gebrehana Belay and Habitamu Abie Tassew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:171

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Perinatal depression and/or anxiety disorders are undertreated pregnancy complications. This is partly due to low rates of engagement by women. This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to women a...

    Authors: Alice Ayres, Renee Chen, Tracey Mackle, Emma Ballard, Sue Patterson, George Bruxner and Alka Kothari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:170

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Tubal pregnancy is recognized as one of the most common ectopic pregnancy types. Salpingitis may result in tubal pregnancy by causing fallopian tube occlusion and hydrosalpinx. B cell activation factor (BAFF) ...

    Authors: Jianying Xu, Xingguang Luo, Shihao Qu, Guiyan Yang and Nianchun Shen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:169

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Non-pharmacological interventions hold promise in reducing labour pain, with minimal or no harm to the mother, foetus and the progress of labour and are simple and cost-effective. Yet their use has not been ad...

    Authors: Edward Appiah Boateng, Linda Osaebea Kumi and Abigail Kusi-Amponsah Diji

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:168

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  46. Content type: Research article

    As maternity services evolve and the population of women served also changes, there is a continuing need to effectively document the views of women with recent experience of care. A woman’s maternity experienc...

    Authors: Maggie Redshaw, Colin R. Martin, Emily Savage-McGlynn and Sian Harrison

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:167

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common reproductive tract disorder in women of child bearing age, accounting for one third of vaginal infections. It is characterized by an increase in vaginal pH, decreased Lacto...

    Authors: Yiewou Marguerithe Kamga, John Palle Ngunde and Jane-Francis K. T. Akoachere

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:166

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Regular fetal heart rate monitoring during labor can drastically reduce fresh stillbirths and neonatal mortality through early detection and management of fetal distress. Fetal monitoring in low-resource setti...

    Authors: Sara Rivenes Lafontan, Hussein L. Kidanto, Hege L. Ersdal, Columba K. Mbekenga and Johanne Sundby

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:165

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