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  1. Content type: Research article

    The increased potential for negative pregnancy outcomes in both extremes of reproductive age is a well-debated argument. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence and the outcome of pregnancies conce...

    Authors: Ambrogio P. Londero, Emma Rossetti, Carla Pittini, Angelo Cagnacci and Lorenza Driul

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:261

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Despite the many maternal healthcare policy programmes in Ghana such as free the antenatal care (ANC) and the fee-exemption policy under the National Health Insurance Scheme, among others, the country has yet ...

    Authors: Joshua Sumankuuro, Memuna Yankasa Mahama, Judith Crockett, Shaoyu Wang and Jeanine Young

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:260

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Acute Fatty Liver of Pregnancy (AFLP) is a rare, catastrophic disease affecting women in the third trimester of pregnancy or in the post-partum period. It is usually a diagnosis of exclusion and requires a str...

    Authors: Enesia Ziki, Shingi Bopoto, M. G. Madziyire and D. Madziwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:259

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In many low and low-middle income countries, the incidence of polyhydramnios is unknown, in part because ultrasound technology is not routinely used. Our objective was to report the incidence of polyhydramnios...

    Authors: Melissa Bauserman, Robert Nathan, Adrien Lokangaka, Elizabeth M. McClure, Janet Moore, Daniel Ishoso, Antoinette Tshefu, Lester Figueroa, Ana Garces, Margo S. Harrison, Dennis Wallace, Sarah Saleem, Waseem Mirza, Nancy Krebs, Michael Hambidge, Waldemar Carlo…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:258

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  5. Content type: Research article

    There is some evidence that suggests misoprostol may supplement the action of oxytocin in preventing post-partum haemorrhage (PPH). The primary objective of this study was to determine the effect of the admini...

    Authors: Frederick Morfaw, Mercy Fundoh, Christopher Pisoh, Bi Ayaba, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Laura N. Anderson and Lehana Thabane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:257

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    Perinatal depression, the most common pregnancy complication, is associated with negative maternal-offspring outcomes. Despite existence of effective treatments, it is under-recognized and under-treated. Profe...

    Authors: Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Linda Brenckle, Padma Sankaran, Grace A. Masters, Sharina Person, Linda Weinreb, Jean Y. Ko, Cheryl L. Robbins, Jeroan Allison and Nancy Byatt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:256

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The maternal mortality rate in Lao PDR (Laos) is still the highest in Southeast Asia, at 197 per 100,000 live births. Antenatal care (ANC) could contribute to maternal and child mortality reduction. The qualit...

    Authors: Sysavanh Phommachanh, Dirk R. Essink, Maaike Jansen, Jacqueline E. W. Broerse, Pamela Wright and Mayfong Mayxay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:255

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Poor sleep, including symptoms of insomnia are common during pregnancy and postpartum periods. Poor sleep during the perinatal period is linked to impaired daytime functioning, mood disturbance, and risk for c...

    Authors: Bei Bei, Donna M. Pinnington, Lin Shen, Michelle Blumfield, Sean P. A. Drummond, Louise K. Newman and Rachel Manber

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:254

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  9. Content type: Research article

    During pregnancy and postnatally, women seek information from a variety of sources. The potential to incorporate educational pregnancy and parenting resources into conventional health services is underexplored...

    Authors: Nicola Crossland, Gill Thomson and Victoria Hall Moran

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:253

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Screening for GDM and applying adequate interventions may reduce the risk of adverse outcomes. However, the diagnosis of GDM d...

    Authors: Tao Zheng, Weiping Ye, Xipeng Wang, Xiaoyong Li, Jun Zhang, Julian Little, Lixia Zhou and Lin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:252

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The squatting birth position is widely used for “natural” birth or in countries where childbirth occurs in non-medical facilities. Squatting birth positions, like others, are roughly defined so a biomechanical...

    Authors: David Desseauve, Laetitia Fradet, Patrick Lacouture and Fabrice Pierre

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:251

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  12. Content type: Research article

    China has made remarkable progress in maternal and child health (MCH) over the last thirty years, but socio-economic inequalities persist. Ethnicity has become an important determinant of poor MCH outcomes, bu...

    Authors: Juying Zhang, Yuchan Mou, Jiaqiang Liao, Huaying Xiong, Zhanqi Duan, Yuan Huang and Carine Ronsmans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:250

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In April 2012 our institution chose to switch from a two- step criteria for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) screening, to the International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group (IADSPG) criteri...

    Authors: Elena Costa, Christine Kirckpartick, Colette Gerday, Aricia De Kempeneer, Sara Derisbourg, An Vercoutere, Sophie Haumont, Axelle Pintiaux and Caroline Daelemans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:249

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Globally, prematurity is a major determinant of morbidity and mortality contributing 30–40% of neonatal mortality. The consequences of preterm deliveries are enormous with developmental and childhood complicat...

    Authors: Ernest Konadu Aseidu, Delia Akosua Bandoh, Donne Kofi Ameme, Priscilla Nortey, Patricia Akweongo, Samuel Oko Sackey, Edwin Afari, Kofi Mensah Nyarko and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:248

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain (LBP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP) are commonly reported during pregnancy and are known to affect pregnant women’s well-being. Still, these conditions are often considered to be a normal part of ...

    Authors: Ranjeeta Shijagurumayum Acharya, Anne Therese Tveter, Margreth Grotle, Malin Eberhard-Gran and Britt Stuge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:247

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Fetal growth has been known to be associated with particulate matter (PM) air pollution during gestation. Given that regular working may deviate outdoor air pollution exposure, the association between air poll...

    Authors: Seung-Ah Choe, Jiyeong Jang, Min Jung Kim, Yoon-Bae Jun and Sun-Young Kim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:246

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In England, 27.8% of all pregnant women undergo caesarean sections (CS) to deliver their babies. Women undergoing CS are at risk of developing sepsis and post-natal infections, which not only contribute signif...

    Authors: Annalise Weckesser, Nicola Farmer, Rinita Dam, Amie Wilson, Victoria Hodgetts Morton and R. Katie Morris

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:245

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  18. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to provide a German translation of the Body Image in Pregnancy Scale (BIPS) – a measure tailored to pregnancy-specific aspects of body image while being consistent to the multifaceted theoreti...

    Authors: Michaela Nagl, Lene Jepsen, Katja Linde and Anette Kersting

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:244

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Dien Bien Province in northwest Vietnam is predominantly populated with ethnic minority groups, who experience worse maternal and child health outcomes than the general population. Various factors are associat...

    Authors: Shannon McKinn, Duong Thuy Linh, Kirsty Foster and Kirsten McCaffery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:243

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy-related anxiety (PrA) has been identified as a construct distinct from general stress and anxiety with a negative impact on birth and child outcomes. Validated instruments with good psychometric prop...

    Authors: S. Mudra, A. Göbel, D. Barthel, K. Hecher, M. Schulte-Markwort, J. Goletzke, P. Arck and A. Diemert

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:242

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  21. Content type: Technical advance

    The prediction of preterm birth (PTB) is important in the management of symptomatic preterm labour women. We evaluated the effectiveness of the foetal fibronectin (fFN) test for predicting PTB in symptomatic p...

    Authors: Soo Yeun Jun, Ji Young Lee, Hyun-Mi Kim, Mi Ju Kim, Hyun-Hwa Cha and Won Joon Seong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:241

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Ragged placental membranes is a distinct entity from retained placenta and not uncommonly reported in midwifery texts. Although the incidence of postpartum endometritis is merely 1–5% after vaginal births, it ...

    Authors: Hian Yan Voon, Jun Yan Pow, Lee Na Tan, Haris Njoo Suharjono and Wan Sim Teo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:240

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In Mexico, obesity is a major public health problem; 71% of adults are overweight or obese. The proportion of deliveries by cesarean is also very high (45%). Women of reproductive age with overweight or obesit...

    Authors: Alexander Brenes-Monge, Biani Saavedra-Avendaño, Jacqueline Alcalde-Rabanal and Blair G. Darney

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:239

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  24. Content type: Research article

    There are several international guidelines on oxytocin regimens for induction and augmentation of labour, but no agreement on a standardised regimen in Germany. This study collated and reviewed the oxytocin re...

    Authors: Sonja Helbig, Antje Petersen, Erika Sitter, Deirdre Daly and Mechthild M. Gross

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:238

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Abnormalities of blood cell counts and of cytokine profiles in women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) have been reported in several studies. Although their cause-effect relationships to HDP are n...

    Authors: Yohana Silas Mtali, Magdalena Amani Lyimo, Lucio Luzzatto and Siriel Nanzia Massawe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:237

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean sections (CSs) are associated with increased maternal and perinatal morbidity, yet rates continue to increase within most countries. Effective interventions are required to reduce the number of non-m...

    Authors: Anna Chapman, Cate Nagle, Debra Bick, Rebecca Lindberg, Bridie Kent, Justin Calache and Alison M. Hutchinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:206

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Malaria in pregnancy increases the risk of adverse birth outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW), maternal and foetal anemia. In Tanzania, some areas have attained low malaria transmission. However, data on th...

    Authors: Wigilya P. Mikomangwa, Minzi OMS, Eleni Aklillu and Appolinary A. R. Kamuhabwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:236

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of post cesarean intra-abdominal infection (IAI) and the independent risk factors associated with it were retrospectively studied at a tertiary referral hospital in Egypt.

    Authors: Ahmed R. Abdelraheim, Khaled Gomaa, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men M. Mohammed, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ayman M. Youssef, Ahmed K. Abdelhakeem, Heba Hassan, Ahmed Abd Alghany and Saad El Gelany

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:234

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Grand multiparity is a major public health concern especially among developing countries and has been associated with higher risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes compared with women of lesser parity. Th...

    Authors: Atem Bethel Ajong, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Larissa Pone Simo, Jean Jacques Noubiap and Tsi Njim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:233

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  30. Content type: Research article

    We examined whether inferior thyroid artery peak systolic velocity (ITA-PSV) predicts an increase in levothyroxine (LT4) dosage in pregnant women with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

    Authors: Masafumi Kurajoh, Akiyo Yamasaki, Toshiki Nagasaki, Yuki Nagata, Shinsuke Yamada, Yasuo Imanishi, Masanori Emoto, Kanae Takahashi, Kouji Yamamoto, Ayumi Shintani and Masaaki Inaba

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:232

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  31. Content type: Research article

    While there has been a trend for greater number of women to deliver at health facilities across Tanzania, mothers and their family members continue to face mistreatment with respectful maternity care during ch...

    Authors: Lilian T. Mselle, Thecla W. Kohi and Justine Dol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:231

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Non-invasive electrophysiological assessment (NIEA) is an evolving area in fetal surveillance and is attracting increasing research interest. There is however, limited data outlining its utility in evaluating ...

    Authors: Vinayak Smith, Amrish Nair, Ritesh Warty, Joel Arun Sursas, Fabricio da Silva Costa and Euan Morrison Wallace

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:230

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  33. Content type: Research article

    An understanding of the association between adolescent nutrition, adolescent pregnancy and their quest for healthcare services may elucidate a basis for intervention and formulation of programs that enhance po...

    Authors: David Omondi Okeyo, Sussy Gumo, Elly O. Munde, Charles O. Opiyo, Zablon O. Omungo, Maureen Olyaro, Rachel K. Ndirangu, Nanlop Ogbureke, Sophie Efange and Collins Ouma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:229

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Increased encounters with the healthcare system at multiple levels have the potential to improve maternal and newborn outcomes. The literature is replete with evidence on the impact of antenatal care and postn...

    Authors: Jody R. Lori, Joseph Perosky, Michelle L. Munro-Kramer, Phil Veliz, Gertrude Musonda, Jameson Kaunda, Carol J. Boyd, Rachael Bonawitz, Godfrey Biemba, Thandiwe Ngoma and Nancy Scott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:228

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Preterm birth is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children under five and often requires a newborn to have an extended stay in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Maternal engagement, such as v...

    Authors: Todd P. Lewis, Kathryn G. Andrews, Elyse Shenberger, Theresa S. Betancourt, Günther Fink, Sunita Pereira and Margaret McConnell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:227

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  36. Content type: Research article

    There is global concern for the overuse of obstetric interventions during labour and birth. Of particular concern is the increasing amount of mothers and babies experiencing morbidity and mortality associated ...

    Authors: Haylee Fox, Emily Callander, Daniel Lindsay and Stephanie Topp

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:226

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Most women choose to have another vaginal delivery following one complicated by an obstetrical anal sphincter injury (OASIS). However, little is known about patient satisfaction or regret with this decision. T...

    Authors: Madeline Edwards, Emily K. Kobernik, Shriya Suresh and Carolyn W. Swenson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:225

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this survey was to explore the association between pregnancy complications and perinatal outcome from regionally total birth population.

    Authors: Xiaoqin Zhu, Huiyuan Niu, Hui Wang, Xiaoqiong Li, Tingting Qi, Weijie Ding, Liangrong Han, Muling Zhang, Honghua Guan, Shouzhong Li, Chunhong Tang, Yaodong Yin, Xihui Cao, Hong Liu, Cui Gao, Hongni Yue…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:224

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Around 12% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which is associated with increased health risks for both mother and child and pre- and postpartum depression. Little is known about the...

    Authors: Charlotte B. Schmidt, Ilse Voorhorst, Vital H. W. van de Gaar, Anne Keukens, Bert Jan Potter van Loon, Frank J. Snoek and Adriaan Honig

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:223

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Grand multiparity has been associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as post-partum hemorrhage,gestational hypertension, gestationaldiabetes mellitus and high perinatal mortality.There...

    Authors: Zainab Muniro, Clifford Silver Tarimo, Michael J. Mahande, Eusebious Maro and Bariki Mchome

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:222

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  41. Content type: Debate

    Globally, anxiety and depression are the most common complications of the perinatal period (conception to 1 year postpartum). It is now recognised that anxiety and depression are more commonly found antenatall...

    Authors: Sarah Khanlari, Bryanne Barnett AM, Felix Akpojene Ogbo and John Eastwood

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:221

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Low birthweight (LBW) remains the most important risk factor which attributed to mortality of 15–20% of newborns across the globe. An infant with low birthweight is more likely to have stunting in childhood an...

    Authors: Shimelis Girma, Teshale Fikadu, Eskeziyaw Agdew, Desta Haftu, Genet Gedamu, Zeritu Dewana and Bereket Getachew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:220

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Despite an increased number of infants born with macrosomia globally, low birth weight infants have currently attracted more attention. Macrosomia is a growing problem in most developing countries and it direc...

    Authors: Freweini Gebrearegay Tela, Afework Mulugeta Bezabih, Amaha Kahsay Adhanu and Kidanemariam Berhe Tekola

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:219

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The importance of vitamin D in bone health and calcium homeostasis has been well documented. However, emerging evidence supports the role of vitamin D beyond its recognised traditional roles. In pregnancy, vit...

    Authors: Raylton P. Chikwati, Cuthbert Musarurwa, Kerina Duri, Kudakwashe Mhandire, Tracy Snyman and Jaya A. George

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:218

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  45. Content type: Research article

    In many Western countries, higher rates of cesarean have been described among migrant women compared to natives of receiving countries. We aimed to estimate this difference comparing women originating from Fra...

    Authors: Morgane Linard, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux, Dominique Luton, Thomas Schmitz, Laurent Mandelbrot, Candice Estellat, Priscille Sauvegrain and Elie Azria

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:217

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Small for gestational age (SGA) is frequently used to define fetal growth restriction (FGR). However, FGR describes a slowdown in fetal growth and is not synonymous with SGA, which may introduce misclassificat...

    Authors: Zoe A. Broere-Brown, Sarah Schalekamp-Timmermans, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe and Eric A. P. Steegers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:216

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Following a miscarriage many women report feeling guilty and culpable for what has happened particularly when aspects of societal blame and stigma are involved. This research investigated the impact of cultura...

    Authors: Nadia Omar, Stella Major, Mona Mohsen, Halima Al Tamimi, Faten El Taher and Susie Kilshaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:215

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia has been expanding maternity waiting homes to bridge geographical gaps between health facilities and communities in order to improve access to skilled care. In 2015, the Ministry of Health revised its...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Yayeh Negash Getu, Mahbub Ali Abdukie, Geremew Gonfa Eba, Emily Keyes and Patricia E. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:214

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Early life microflora is an important determinant of immune and metabolic development and may have lasting consequences. However, the mode of delivery and the effect of povidone iodine disinfection on neonatal...

    Authors: Hongping Li, Shaoyun Chen, Lijuan Wu, Huilin Wang, Kelin Xiao, Yanling Gao, Yao Li, Huiqin Li, Bin Xiao and Yuanfang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:213

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